Findings and Conclusions Gibson and Walk (1960)

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How many infants moved off the centre board?
27/36 (9 didn't move at all)
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How many infants moved to the shallow side?
All 27 moved to the shallow end
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How many tried to go to the deep end?
3
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What did some infants do before going to the shallow end?
They patted the glass but still moved to the shallow end.
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What did the infants do when their mother called from the deep side?
Moved away to the shallow side or cried as they couldn't cross the deep side.
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Which animals always moved to the shallow side?
Lambs, kids and chicks
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What happened to the lambs/kids when they were placed in the middle of the deep side?
They froze in a posture of defence.
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What were the results for the normal 4 week old kittens?
preferred the shallow end and froze or circled back to the shallow end if placed in the deep end.
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How did the kittens reared in the dark for 27 days act when put on the visual cliff?
Initially crawled over both the shallow and deep side equally but after 1 week in the light they avoided the deep side.
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What percentage of aquatic turtles moved to the deep side?
24% (can't fall in the sea)
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How did the hooded rats act on the visual cliff?
Content to explore both the shallow and the deep side as they used their whiskers not eyes. When the centre board was raised they went to the shallow end 95-100% of the time
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What did G+W conclude about depth perception in infants?
They have depth perception as soon as they are able to move on their own
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Does G+W's evidence prove that depth perception is innate?
No, but it does support the nativist view.
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What did G+W conclude about depth perception in animals?
Have it from birth which is consistent with evolutionary theory
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many infants moved to the shallow side?

Back

All 27 moved to the shallow end

Card 3

Front

How many tried to go to the deep end?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did some infants do before going to the shallow end?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the infants do when their mother called from the deep side?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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