# Findings and Conclusion- Loftus and Palmer

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What did the pps mean estimates of speed depend on in exp 1?
Which of the 5 words were in their critical question
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Name the 5 words and their associated mph in exp 1
Smashed 40.8, Collided 39.3, Bumped 38.1 Hit 34.0 and contacted 31.8
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Where people good at estimating speeds? (exp 1 conclusions)
No, actual speed=20 mean speed=37.7 whereas actual speed=30 mean estimate=36.2
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What reasons are there for the change of one word (form) to alter the pps answers to the questions? (in exp 1 conclusions)
1.) a pp's schema of each word affects the estimated speed if uncertain (response-bias) 2.) the verb changes the pps memory
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In exp 2, what was the mean estimated speed for smashed and hit? (exp2)
Smashed=10.5 mph but Hit=8 mph
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What were the responses on e week later if there had been any broken glass? (exp 2)
Smashed was 16 yes 34 no Hit was 7 yes 43 no and the Control was 6 yes and 44 no
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"The way the question is asked can enormously influence the answer given.
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What do leading questions do to the pps?
Actually alter the memory a person has of an even not just their speed estimation
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What 2 kinds of information are integrated to create a memory?
The original perception of the evenr and external information supplied "after the fact"
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## Other cards in this set

### Card 2

#### Front

Name the 5 words and their associated mph in exp 1

#### Back

Smashed 40.8, Collided 39.3, Bumped 38.1 Hit 34.0 and contacted 31.8

### Card 3

#### Front

Where people good at estimating speeds? (exp 1 conclusions)

### Card 4

#### Front

What reasons are there for the change of one word (form) to alter the pps answers to the questions? (in exp 1 conclusions)

### Card 5

#### Front

In exp 2, what was the mean estimated speed for smashed and hit? (exp2)