Fibres and Fabrics

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Where do natural fibres come from?
animal, plant or a mineral source
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Name 5 cellulosic fibres
Cotton, Linen, Ramie, Jute, Hemp, Pineapple (leaf), Bamboo, Banana (leaf)
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Name 5 protein fibres
wool, silk, cashmere, mohair, angora, llama, Vicuna
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Name the 2 mineral fibres
asbestos (no longer in use) and silicate
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Name 5 regenerated fibres (natural polymers)
viscose, modal, Lyocell, Tencel, acetate, triacetate, cupro, alginate, rubber
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Name the 7 different categories of man-made fibres
polyesters, polyamides, Aramid fibres, elastomeric fibres, polyacrylic, chlorofibres and polyolefines
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Name the 3 types of polyamide man-made fibres
nylon, Tactel and Supplex
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Name the 4 inorganic fibres
glass fibres, carbon fibres, metallic fibres, ceramic fibres
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All natural fibres except silk are what?
staple fibres
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All manufactured fibres are...
filament fibres
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Name 5 properties of cellulosic fibres (cotton and linen)
strong, absorbant= take a long time to dry, washed and ironed at high temperatures, crease badly, shrink, easy to set alight
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Describe 5 properties of wool
soft, warm because of natural crimp, water repellant, absorbant, doesn't set alight, shrinks badly (known as felting), takes a long time to dry
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Name 5 properties of silk
lightwight, smooth, lustrous, strong, weak when wet, careful washing, warm, absorbant, natural elasticity, creases badly, very expensive
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Name 5 properties of viscose
derivred from cellulose, similar properties to cotton, absorbant, weak, shrink and crease badly, silky feel
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Describe some of the properties of synthetic fibres
strong, resist abrasion, lightweight, most are nonabsorbant, quick drying, don't crease or shrink, thermoplastic= soft when hot, not washed at high temps, melt and drip when set alight (molten fibre is very hot and can cause severe burns)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Cotton, Linen, Ramie, Jute, Hemp, Pineapple (leaf), Bamboo, Banana (leaf)

Back

Name 5 cellulosic fibres

Card 3

Front

wool, silk, cashmere, mohair, angora, llama, Vicuna

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

asbestos (no longer in use) and silicate

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

viscose, modal, Lyocell, Tencel, acetate, triacetate, cupro, alginate, rubber

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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