Fibres

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  • Created by: Beckylk
  • Created on: 15-09-13 14:20
Textile materials are made in three stages
Spinning: fibres are spun into yarns. Weaving/Knitting: yarns become fabrics. Finishing: fabrics are finished to make them more useful
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There are two types of textile fibres
Natural and Synthetic
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What are natural fibres?
Natural fibres come from plants, animals and minerals. They usually have short fibres, called staple fibres. The exception to this rule is silk, a natural fibre whose continuous filaments are up to one kilometre in length!
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What are synthetic fibres?
Synthetic fibres are man-made, usually from chemical sources. They are continuous filament fibres, which means the fibres are long and do not always have to be spun into yarn
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Examples of natural fibres
Cotton from the cotton plant. Linen from the flax plant. Wool from sheep. Silk from silkworms.
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Examples of synthetic fibres
Viscose comes from pine trees or petrochemicals. Acrylic, nylon and polyester come from oil and coal.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

There are two types of textile fibres

Back

Natural and Synthetic

Card 3

Front

What are natural fibres?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are synthetic fibres?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Examples of natural fibres

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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