Fibre Property Explanations

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Abrasion Resistance
Ability of a fibre to withstand the effects of rubbing or friction- a major factor in the durability of a fibre
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Pilling
the formation of small balls of loose fibres on the surface of a fabric- results from abrasion
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Elastic Recovery
Ability of a fibre to return to its original length after it has been stretched
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Drape
How a fabric hangs in graceful folds
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Resiliency or wrinkle recovery
the ability of a fibre to return to its original shape after being bent or folded
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Tenacity
fibre strength- important to wear life of the textile product
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Absorbency
Moisture regain- it's ability to take in moisture
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Hydrophilic fibres
can absorb moisture= comfortable
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Hydrophobic fibres
Do no absorb moisture readily
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Hygroscopic fibres
can absorb moisture without feeling wet, e.g. animal hairs
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Wicking
a fibres ability to carry moisture along its surface e.g. acrylic
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Light Fastness
ability to withstand colour changes on exposure to light
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Thermoplastic
most synthetics are thermoplastic, they soften or melt when exposed to heat. Cellulosic/protein may scorch or burn when exposed to high heat
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Heat Setting
Applying heat and pressure in a controlled manner to permanently change the shape/improve the dimensional stability of thermoplastic fibres
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Fireproof
unaffected by fire
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Flame Resistant
will ignite if placed in an open flame but will not continue to burn after the flame has been removed
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Flammable
easy to ignite and will continue to burn
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Non-combustible
will not burn but can melt and decompose at a high temperature
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Self-extinguishing
will stop burning when flame is removed
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

the formation of small balls of loose fibres on the surface of a fabric- results from abrasion

Back

Pilling

Card 3

Front

Ability of a fibre to return to its original length after it has been stretched

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

How a fabric hangs in graceful folds

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the ability of a fibre to return to its original shape after being bent or folded

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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