Feminist approaches to crime and deviance

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1. What is Liberal feminism?

  • Based on bringing women into agenda by showing how have been ignored, then greater understanding of female deviance, new theories for both genders
  • Only way to understand crime is through female perspective, research should assume all men prepared to commit crimes against women if given the chance, women make own theories to explain c&d that include threat from men
  • Stress on the position of men and women in general and with reference to crime, can only be understood by locating males and females within context of society divided by sexism and capitalism
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2. What is the evaluation of Heidensohn?

  • Sociology has developed since then, more research on gender and crime (eg domestic violence - Dobash & Dobash)
  • Sociology hasnt developed since then, still no research on gender and crime
  • Psychology has research on gender and crime so sociology doesnt need it as much

3. What is the evaluation of Dworkin?

  • Views can be seen as extreme & controversial, many less radical feminists would not identify sexual relationships between men and women as being inevitably patriarchal
  • Views can be seen as extreme & controversial, many less radical feminists would not identify sexual relationships between men and women as being inevitably matriarchal
  • Views can be seen as traditional & unchallenging, many less radical feminists would identify sexual relationships between men and women as being inevitably patriarchal

4. What are the four reasons for malestream criminolgy?

  • Male dominance of offenders, Male domination of sociology, Vicarious identification (funders are usually male so fund interest studies), Sociological theorising (theories ignore females
  • Male dominance of offenders, Male domination of sociology, Vicarious identification (male interests stuidied, in crime is marginal and exciting), Sociological theorising (theories ignore females)
  • Male dominance of offenders, Male domination of sociology, Vicarious identification (male interests stuidied, in crime is marginal and exciting), Male economic success (male sociologists have funding for male studies)

5. What is Postmodern feminsim?

  • Only way to understand crime is through female perspective, research should assume all men prepared to commit crimes against women if given the chance, women make own theories to explain c&d that include threat from men
  • Criminolgy reflects male concerns, 'transgressive criminology' tied to males, never answer female questions, ask what can criminology do for feminism, look at legal & illegal activities that harm women, go beyond boundaries of criminology
  • Stress on the position of men and women in general and with reference to crime, can only be understood by locating males and females within context of society divided by sexism and capitalism

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