Feminist approaches to crime and deviance

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1. What is Postmodern feminsim?

  • Only way to understand crime is through female perspective, research should assume all men prepared to commit crimes against women if given the chance, women make own theories to explain c&d that include threat from men
  • Criminolgy reflects male concerns, 'transgressive criminology' tied to males, never answer female questions, ask what can criminology do for feminism, look at legal & illegal activities that harm women, go beyond boundaries of criminology
  • Stress on the position of men and women in general and with reference to crime, can only be understood by locating males and females within context of society divided by sexism and capitalism
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2. Which two Postmodern feminists are particularly important?

  • Smart & Cain - argue criminology reflect male concerns, Smart introduced transegressive criminology, look at how women stay in at night to avoid becoming victims, domestic violence, **** cases as majority of victims
  • Smart & Cain - argue criminology reflect male concerns, Cain introduced transegressive criminology, look at how women stay in at night to avoid becoming victims, domestic violence, **** cases as majority of victims
  • Leopard & Smart - argue criminology reflect male concerns, Smart introduced transegressive criminology, look at how women stay in at night to avoid becoming victims, domestic violence, **** cases as majority of victims

3. What does dworking believe about ****?

  • Rape, intercourse and pornogrphy are three focal elemts of male supremacy, intercourse is basically **** as women cant consent as coercied by system, esp in prositution, fits gender roles, need to be eliminated, matial **** legal in USA til 2003
  • Rape, intercourse and pornogrphy are three focal elemts of female supremacy, intercourse is basically **** as women cant consent as coercied by system, esp in prositution, fits gender roles, need to be eliminated, matial **** legal in UK til 2003
  • Rape, intercourse and pornogrphy are three focal elemts of male supremacy, intercourse is nothing like **** as women cant consent as coercied by system, esp in prositution, fits gender roles, need to be eliminated, matial **** legal in USA til 2003

4. What is Marxism feminism?

  • Only way to understand crime is through female perspective, research should assume all men prepared to commit crimes against women if given the chance, women make own theories to explain c&d that include threat from men
  • Stress on the position of men and women in general and with reference to crime, can only be understood by locating males and females within context of society divided by sexism and capitalism
  • Based on bringing women into agenda by showing how have been ignored, then greater understanding of female deviance, new theories for both genders

5. What are the four reasons for malestream criminolgy?

  • Male dominance of offenders, Male domination of sociology, Vicarious identification (male interests stuidied, in crime is marginal and exciting), Sociological theorising (theories ignore females)
  • Male dominance of offenders, Male domination of sociology, Vicarious identification (male interests stuidied, in crime is marginal and exciting), Male economic success (male sociologists have funding for male studies)
  • Male dominance of offenders, Male domination of sociology, Vicarious identification (funders are usually male so fund interest studies), Sociological theorising (theories ignore females

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