FEMINISM, GENDER AND CRIME: FEMALES

  • Created by: Ciara_T
  • Created on: 23-03-18 12:10
HOME OFFICE 2003
6% of prisoners are female
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LIBERAL FEMINISTS
women ingored by research into crime - crime can't be fully understood until this is reflected (hidden crime)
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RADICAL FEMINISTS
can only be understood by a female perspective - all men potential criminals - given the chance they'd commit a crime against a woman
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MARXIST FEMINISTS
how capitalism and sexism divides societies
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POSTMODERNIST FEMINISTS
need a new form of criminology (transgressive) - only way to understand female deviance
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BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS: LOMBROSO
women more cunning - better at covering criminal behaviour // other bio explanations suggest 'normal' women have an innate position repelling criminal behaviour - hormones - overall little socio support
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1. SEX ROLE THEORY
ways we are socialised: women lack crim values, or more likely shoplift or prostitution - gender roles of family and sexual providers
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2. SOCIAL CONTROL: HEIDONSOHN
women more controlled and supervised in society then men // not as likely to stay out late or go to pubs - also informal sanctions in place (outdated? 90s)
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2.SOCIAL CONTROL: CARLEN, CLASS AND GENDER DEAL
most female crimes are from w.class - women who are not offered or had rejected the deals: Gender Deal - being a trad woman, rewarded emotionally and family orientated // Class Deal: women who work offered materialistic rewards
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3. LACK OF OPPORTUNITIES
since women trad confined, there are no criminal opportunities e.g. corp crime BUT WILKINSON: cali emp rates gender equal
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4. CHIVALRY THESIS
POLLACK: women taught to trick chivalrous men, gender stats flawed since the male-dominated criminal justice system (chivalrous) blocks female deviance // ALLEN: mental health results in lighter fem punishment
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4. THE CHIVALRY THESIS: EVALUATION
LEONARD: women who don't conform to passive fem are treated harsher // CASBURN: harsher with female juveniles - law works harder against women e.g. sexual promiscuity
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FEMALE CRIME STATS
qual and quant evidence: women may commit less but they do commit all crime // motivated eco factors like men // the stigma "doubly deviant" = breaking social rules and labelled 'unfeminine'
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EVALUATION
laws serves women's interests>men e.g. fathers for justice // trad gender socialisation is changing - fems often ignore this same as rise of 'ladettes' // fems ignore extent of female crimes against men e.g. domestic violence
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

LIBERAL FEMINISTS

Back

women ingored by research into crime - crime can't be fully understood until this is reflected (hidden crime)

Card 3

Front

RADICAL FEMINISTS

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

MARXIST FEMINISTS

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

POSTMODERNIST FEMINISTS

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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