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6. Who finds that federal regimes generally do better than unitary regimes in accommodating ethnic armed rebellion, minority discrimination and grievances?

  • Huntington
  • Bunce
  • Bermeo
  • Hale

7. Since 1945, ethnic conflict has played a major role in x% of all wars, turned over y million people into refugees and caused z million deaths.

  • 50, 12, 11
  • 40, 13, 14

8. What is the overall effect of federalism on suppressing conflict?

  • positive but undermined by growth of regional parties
  • negative

9. Which is not one of the three countries Stepan says will never become stable democracies without 'workable federal systems' due to high levels of ethnic and linguistic diversity?

  • Russia
  • China
  • Indonesia
  • Burma

10. Who says that ethnofederal states are more likely to collapse when they contain a core ethnic region?

  • Hale
  • Stepan
  • Brancati
  • Bermeo

11. Which of the following is not an example of a country with a core ethnofederal region?

  • French bloc in Canada
  • Serb Republic in Yugoslavia (42% against 20% Croat population)
  • Russian Republic in the USSR
  • Hausu-Fulani group (55% of pop) in Nigerian First Republic

12. Which two countries have the greatest levels of peace without foreign military intervention due to their establishment of consociational power sharing arrangements?

  • Belgium and Tanzania
  • Luxembourg and Niger
  • The Netherlands and Madagascar

13. Which group are given by Bakke and Wibbels as an example of a minority seeking more power due to redistributive concerns?

  • Punjabi Sikhs in the 1970s and 1980s
  • Scottish minority in UK in 2014

14. To who does the theory of Imagined Communities belong?

  • Shugart
  • Anderson
  • Bermeo
  • Brancati

15. Who notes that most separatist violence emerges as a result of central refusal to respond to initially moderate demands from minorities?

  • Wibbels
  • Sambanis
  • Bakke
  • Bunce

16. Who notes that violence is more likely in India when Muslim minorities were not electorally valuable for Hindu majorities?

  • Venus
  • Bic
  • Wilkinson
  • Gilette

17. Why does Bermeo argue that institutions are important in the success of peace preservation in federal systems?

  • they provide more layers of government and thus more settings for peaceful bargaining
  • they keep the military at bay

18. Who says that federalism is more like a marble cake than a layer cake?

  • Wilkinson
  • Grozdins
  • Brancati
  • Gurr

19. Which of the following is not a reason why core ethnic regions make a state more susceptible to collapse?

  • the collective imagining of a core-group nation state
  • lack of equal distribution of wealth amongst communities
  • reduction in the capacity of central government to credibly commit to the protection of ethnic minority groups
  • dual power stations

20. Who says that collective disadvantages and relative deprivation are at the heart of political mobilisation?

  • Gurr
  • Purr
  • Roar
  • Quack