6. Who notes that most separatist violence emerges as a result of central refusal to respond to initially moderate demands from minorities?
7. Who says that what determines whether a state is created as federal or unitary is whether the constituent states of a potential federation have high levels of what Michael Mann calls 'infrastructural capacity'?
8. Which two countries have the greatest levels of peace without foreign military intervention due to their establishment of consociational power sharing arrangements?
Belgium and Tanzania
Luxembourg and Niger
The Netherlands and Madagascar
9. Who says that federalism is more like a marble cake than a layer cake?
10. Who says that 'in the absence of federalism, geographically concentrated minorities seem less prone to either want to leave the state or... to succeed in doing so'?
11. Who estimates that they assimilation of ethnic groups requires between 300 and 700 years?
12. Wibbels finds that federal economies in developing systems fair worse than their unitary counterparts, increasing the budget deficits by what percent of expenditure?
13. Who finds that the race to the bottom in federal systems is not found in undercutting other states but rather in a failure to adjust for inflation unless other states do the same?
Bakke and Wibbels
14. All ethnofederations that have collapsed have possessed core ethnic regions, whereas no ethnofederation lacking a core ethnic region has collapsed. True or false?
15. Since 1945, ethnic conflict has played a major role in x% of all wars, turned over y million people into refugees and caused z million deaths.
50, 12, 11
40, 13, 14
16. Which of the following is not a reason why core ethnic regions make a state more susceptible to collapse?
lack of equal distribution of wealth amongst communities
dual power stations
reduction in the capacity of central government to credibly commit to the protection of ethnic minority groups
the collective imagining of a core-group nation state
17. Who says that collective disadvantages and relative deprivation are at the heart of political mobilisation?
18. Which of the following is not one of Riker's conditions for federalism?
states have a veto over central government powers
there is some guarantee of autonomy in its own sphere
two levels of government that rule the same land and people
each level of government has at least one area of action in which is is autonomous
19. Who says that 'federalism is chiefly a property of constitutions not societies'?
20. Which is not one of the three countries Stepan says will never become stable democracies without 'workable federal systems' due to high levels of ethnic and linguistic diversity?