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6. Who finds that federal regimes generally do better than unitary regimes in accommodating ethnic armed rebellion, minority discrimination and grievances?
7. Since 1945, ethnic conflict has played a major role in x% of all wars, turned over y million people into refugees and caused z million deaths.
8. What is the overall effect of federalism on suppressing conflict?
- positive but undermined by growth of regional parties
9. Which is not one of the three countries Stepan says will never become stable democracies without 'workable federal systems' due to high levels of ethnic and linguistic diversity?
10. Who says that ethnofederal states are more likely to collapse when they contain a core ethnic region?
11. Which of the following is not an example of a country with a core ethnofederal region?
- French bloc in Canada
- Serb Republic in Yugoslavia (42% against 20% Croat population)
- Russian Republic in the USSR
- Hausu-Fulani group (55% of pop) in Nigerian First Republic
12. Which two countries have the greatest levels of peace without foreign military intervention due to their establishment of consociational power sharing arrangements?
- Belgium and Tanzania
- Luxembourg and Niger
- The Netherlands and Madagascar
13. Which group are given by Bakke and Wibbels as an example of a minority seeking more power due to redistributive concerns?
- Punjabi Sikhs in the 1970s and 1980s
- Scottish minority in UK in 2014
14. To who does the theory of Imagined Communities belong?
15. Who notes that most separatist violence emerges as a result of central refusal to respond to initially moderate demands from minorities?
16. Who notes that violence is more likely in India when Muslim minorities were not electorally valuable for Hindu majorities?
17. Why does Bermeo argue that institutions are important in the success of peace preservation in federal systems?
- they provide more layers of government and thus more settings for peaceful bargaining
- they keep the military at bay
18. Who says that federalism is more like a marble cake than a layer cake?
19. Which of the following is not a reason why core ethnic regions make a state more susceptible to collapse?
- the collective imagining of a core-group nation state
- lack of equal distribution of wealth amongst communities
- reduction in the capacity of central government to credibly commit to the protection of ethnic minority groups
- dual power stations
20. Who says that collective disadvantages and relative deprivation are at the heart of political mobilisation?