Federalism

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Define federalism
A political theory whereby sovereignty is divided between the state and federal government
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What was a key issue of the 1787 Philadelphia Convention?
The role that the central government was going to play in relation to the states
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What did Jefferson, Hamilton and Madison advocate?
Jefferson - loose confederation, Hamilton - monarchy, Madison - wished to see neither, wanted a federal state
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What are concurrent powers?
Powers that are shared jointly between the federal and state government
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What is dual federalism otherwise known as?
Layer-cake federalism
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Explain McCulloch v Maryland
1819 - Supreme Court ruled that in a dispute between the federal gov. and state gov., the federal gov. would prevail
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Why did dual federalism end?
Following the Wall Street Crash, the federal government was forced to intervene to get the economy moving again
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What Presidents are associated with intergovernmentalism
Roosevelt, Kennedy, Johnson
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Intergovernmentalism can be said to have increased even more after the passage of what case?
National Labour Relations v Jones + Laughlin - the S.C could not continually challenge the President
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Who dominated the White House from the 1970s - 1993 and what does this mean for federalism?
Republicans and it means that they aimed for the federal state to be less powerful - period of State's Rights
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Who said 'the era of big government is over'?
Bill Clinton
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Is the federal government small or big as of 2016?
Big - more government intervention seen through Obama and Bush (slightly) - This undermines the 10th amendment
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Card 2

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What was a key issue of the 1787 Philadelphia Convention?

Back

The role that the central government was going to play in relation to the states

Card 3

Front

What did Jefferson, Hamilton and Madison advocate?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are concurrent powers?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is dual federalism otherwise known as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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