Federal government attitudes and actions, including the significance of the Reagan era.

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  • Created by: I.unit
  • Created on: 29-05-17 14:18
What economic policy did the government usually adopt?
Laissez-faire policy (let do). Meaning the government would only intervene at times of emergency.
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What was the Sherman Anti-Trust Act 1890?
The government intervened to restrict monopolies, by which large companies were able to control trade. This went against the usual policy but the government was concerned about companies controlling or stopping trade.
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What was the Pullman Strike and when did it take place.
1894. The economic depression meant the company cut wages by a 1/4 + made 1/3 redundant. The government supported the employers with an injunction, stopping the interference of mail. President Cleveland sent federal troops to break the strike.
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What did the Supreme Court legalise as a result on the Pullman Strike?
Injunctions, which therefore declared the strike illegal.
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What was the Lochner v. New York 1905?
The Supreme Court did not uphold legislation to limit the number of hours a baker could work.
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In what other cases did the Supreme Court reject workers rights?
Coppage v. Kansas 1915, Adkins v. Childrens Hospital 1923.
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What was the Clayton Anti-Trust Act 1914?
During the First Word War the government wanted to maintain war efforts, therefore passed the Act which limited the use of injunctions and allowed peaceful picketing. But it did not stop employers reducing wages or laying off workers.
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What was the position of unions under President Roosevelt (1933-45)
Saw the most help for workers from an administration. Gave workers the right to organise unions and take part in collective bargaining. Allowed closed shops, prevented companies from using blacklists and established a minimum wage.
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What Acts were create under President Roosevelt?
National Industry Recovery Act, The Wagner Act, The National Labour Relations Board and the Fair Labour Standards Act.
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What was the view of trade unions post war?
During the Red Scare many believed trade unions are hotbeds of communism
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What legislation was brought in as part of the civil rights movement?
Equal Pay Act 1963, Civil Rights Act 1964, Economic Opportunity Act 1964, Age Discrimination Act 1968.
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Who had the greatest role reducing union power and how?
President Reagan aimed to remove restrictions that hindered the industry. Seen most clearly in the PACO strike 1981. This played a crucial role in the decline of strikes and union membership.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the Sherman Anti-Trust Act 1890?

Back

The government intervened to restrict monopolies, by which large companies were able to control trade. This went against the usual policy but the government was concerned about companies controlling or stopping trade.

Card 3

Front

What was the Pullman Strike and when did it take place.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did the Supreme Court legalise as a result on the Pullman Strike?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the Lochner v. New York 1905?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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