Fats, Sugar and Oils

How to reduce fat in a diet ?
Dry-fry, use lean meat, cut any excess fat off of meats.
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Functions of fat ?
warmth, protect organs, absorbs fat soluble its (e.g. A, D, E and K).
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Health risks (to do with fats) :
High blood pressure, obese, diabetes.
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Saturated fats come from . . . (+ examples)
Animals (they are solids) e.g. lard, butter, ghee, suet.
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Unsaturated fats come from . . . (+ examples)
Plants (they are liquids) e.g. olive oil, coconut oil, chilli oil, walnut oil etc.
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Hydrogenated fats are . . . (+ example)
Oils with hydrogen e.g. margarine.
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PLACTICITY
The ability for fat to hold its shape.
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Mediterranean food is normally lower in fat because . . .
Lots of salads, little meat, healthier cooking methods e.g. grilling, oil is only used for seasoning, drain any excess fat etc.
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What is sugar ?
A carb. (short quick release of energy).
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Where does sugar cane come from ?
HOT HOT HOT countries, below the equator, tropical.
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Where does sugar beet come from ?
Temperature countries like the UK.
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Why do we add sugar (as a consumer) ?
For flavour (e.g. cake).
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Why do we add sugar (as a manufacturer) ?
To preserve a product.
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Sugar nutrients:
Fat, empty calories - energy (+ no nutrients), carbs - energy.
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Dietary needs of sugar :
Diabetes (1 - born with it - need to keep high, 2 - can not have it, lose weight).
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Glycemic Index (GI) :
Low GI can reduce the risk of health issues like type 2 diabetes.
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Max amount of sugar per day . . .
30g approx.
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Sugar free ?
Natural sugars have been replaced with sweeteners.
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No added sugar ?
Only natural sugars.
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Reduced sugar ?
Must contain less than 25% of sugar per serving.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Functions of fat ?

Back

warmth, protect organs, absorbs fat soluble its (e.g. A, D, E and K).

Card 3

Front

Health risks (to do with fats) :

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Saturated fats come from . . . (+ examples)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Unsaturated fats come from . . . (+ examples)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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