Family Definitions

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  • Created by: skyblue97
  • Created on: 14-04-14 11:08
Birth Rate
The number of live births per 1000 of the population per year.
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Bourgeoisie
A Marxist term for the Capitalist class, the owners of the means of production.
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Childhood (Western Societies)
Vulnerable and segregated from the adult world.
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Childhood (Past Societies)
Part of adult society from an early age.
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Civil Partnership
The act where same sex couples have similar legal rights to married couples e.g. pensions, inheritance, tenancies, property etc.
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Conjugal Roles
The roles played by husband and wife.
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Segregated Conjugal Roles
The husband is the main breadwinner and the wife is the homemaker. Leisure time is spent separately.
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Joint Conjugal Roles
Husband and wife perform both roles and spend leisure time together.
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Death Rate
The number of deaths per 1000 of the population per year.
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Demography
The study of population, including birth, death, fertility, and infant mortality rates, immigration and emigration, and age structure, as well as the reasons for changes in these.
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Dependency Culture
Where people assume that the state will support them, rather than relying on their own efforts and taking responsibility for their families.
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Dependency Ratio
The relationship between the size of the working population and the non-working or dependent population.
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Deviance
Behaviour that does not conform to the norms of a society or group.
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Domestic Labour
Work performed in the home, such as childcare, cooking and cleaning.
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Dual Burden
When a person is responsible for two jobs.
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Emotion Work
The work involved in meeting the emotional needs of other people.
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Empty Shell Marriage
Where a couple continues to live under the same roof but as separate individuals.
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Exploitation
Paying workers less than the value of their labour.
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Expressive Role
The homemaker role in the family usually performed by the woman.
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Extended Family
Any group of kin extended beyond the nuclear family.
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Family Diversity
The idea that there is a range of different family types, rather than one dominant one.
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Family Structure
The composition of a group of people who live together as a family unit.
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Fertility Rate
The average number of children women will have during their fertile years.
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Functional Fit
The theory that the structure of the family becomes nuclear to fit the needs of industrial society for a geographically and socially mobile labour force.
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Household
A group of people who live together or a person living alone who share things like meals, facilities, chores etc.
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Infant Mortality Rate
The number of infants who die before their 1st birthday, per 1000 live births per year.
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Life Expectancy
How long on average people who are born in a given year can expect to live.
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Net Migration
The difference between the number of immigrants entering a country and the number of emigrants leaving it.
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Norms
Social rules, expectations or standards that govern the behaviour expected in particular situations.
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Nuclear Family
A two-generation family of a man and woman and their dependent children, own or adopted.
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Patriarchy
Family ruled by the male.
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Privatised Family
A nuclear family whose lifestyle and leisure patterns center on the home rather than the extended family, workmates or wider community.
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Reconstituted Family
A step-family in which one or both partners has children from a previous relationship.
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Social Class
Social groupings or hierarchy based on differences in wealth, income or occupation.
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Social Construction
Where something is created by social processes, rather than simply occurring naturally.
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Socialisation
The process by which an individual learns or internalises the culture of society.
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Status
A position in society.
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Stigma
A negative label or mark of disapproval, discredit, or shame attached to a person, group or characteristic.
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Stratification
The division of society into a hierarchy of different groups.
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Symmetrical Families
A family with more equal and joint conjugal roles, in which the husband does domestic labour as well as being the main breadwinners along with their wives. They spend leisure time together and are home-centred.
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Underclass
Those at the lowest level of class structure.
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Unit Of Production
Where family members work together as economic producers.
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Value Consensus
Agreement among society's members about what values are important.
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Welfare State
Where the government or state takes responsibility for people's well being, especially their basic minimum needs.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A Marxist term for the Capitalist class, the owners of the means of production.

Back

Bourgeoisie

Card 3

Front

Vulnerable and segregated from the adult world.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Part of adult society from an early age.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The act where same sex couples have similar legal rights to married couples e.g. pensions, inheritance, tenancies, property etc.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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