Family Diversity- Postmodern perspectives

  • Created by: Om4r
  • Created on: 02-06-19 16:40
What are the 2 key characteristics of a Postmodern society?
Diversity and Fragmentation and Rapid Social Change
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How is society more diverse and fragmented?
There's more a collection of Subcultures rather than one binding us together, so people can pick and mix their identities and lifestyles and we are more individualistic and focus on personal needs
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How has Rapid social change occurred?
New technologies made the world feel smaller e.g. planes ,imports and exports and instant communication globally. This has changed patterns of work and leisure
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What impact does a Postmodern society have on the family?
Makes family life less predictable and less stable
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What does Cheal argue about family structures?
There's no dominant family structure, there's lots of family types and individuals have more choice in all aspects of their lives
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What are the advantages of a Postmodern society?
Greater freedom to build own life course
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What are the Disadvantages of a Postmodern society?
Greater risk of instability as relationships are more likely to break up
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According to Stacey, how has a postmodern society impacted women?
They had greater freedom, freeing themselves from patriarchal oppression and are rejecting housewife role and are in control of their own lives
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What does Stacey believe greater freedom has led to?
Women creating new family structures that met their own needs such as divorce extended families
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What is pointless to do in relation to families in a Postmodern society?
Generalise, as many of us will live in a number of different families throughout life
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What idea to Giddens and Beck put forward?
The Individualisation Thesis
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What is the Individualisation Thesis?
The idea that class, gender and family have lost influence over us, we have become free and disembedded from traditional roles in society
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What does Gidden believe changed family and marriage patterns?
Greater choice and equality between men and women, relationships are free to exist based on sex and intimacy rather than reproduction due to contraception
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What impact has feminism had on family diversity?
Has given women greater opportunities in education and work, providing them greater independence
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What is the Pure Relationship?
Relationships exist solely to meet each partners needs and will continues only as long as its meeting their needs
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What impact does Giddens believe same-sex relationships has on family structures?
They lead the way towards new family types and creating more democratic and equal relationships due to the absence of gender scripts allowing them to discuss roles
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What does Beck believe we now live in?
A Risk society
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What is a Risk Society?
Where tradition has less influence and people have more choice, we calculate the risks and rewards of different actions and decisions
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How is the Risk Society different to the past?
Peoples roles were more fixed and they had less choice e.g. all expected to marry and reproduce and perform segregated conjugal roles
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What 2 trends has Beck Identified that which have undermined the patriarchal family?
Greater gender equality and Greater Individualism
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How does Greater Gender Equality undermine the patriarchal family?
It challenges male dominance in all spheres of life and women expect equality in marriage and work
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How has Greater Individualism Undermined the patriarchal family?
Actions based on calculation based on self-interest instead of simply to help others
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What have these 2 trends given rise to?
The Negotiated Family
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What is the Negotiated Family?
One that doesn't conform to any one standard or traditional norm
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What does the Negotiated Family vary according to?
Wishes and expectations of their members who decide what's best for themselves through negotiation
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What is the Downside to Negotiated Families?
They're less stable as members can leave if their needs aren't being met
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How is the postmodern perspective criticised?
It exaggerates the extent of personal choice and freedom, we are often still constrained by norms. Secondly it ignores structural factors such as class and gender
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What is the Connectedness Thesis?
The idea that individuals are social creatures, we are connected to a range of people and these connections will impact decisions we make
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What do these connections do?
Limit choice, where lives are intewoven it becomes impossible to disconnnect
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How may class and gender play a role in connectedness of families?
Post divorce, women are more likely to get custody of children, limiting future relationships
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How is society more diverse and fragmented?

Back

There's more a collection of Subcultures rather than one binding us together, so people can pick and mix their identities and lifestyles and we are more individualistic and focus on personal needs

Card 3

Front

How has Rapid social change occurred?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What impact does a Postmodern society have on the family?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does Cheal argue about family structures?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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