Families and Households: Match the quotes

This is all the quotes from sociologists that I have used in my Families and Households 20 markers. I have written an essay on every possible topic in Education, Family, Religion, Crime and Theory and methods.

  • Created by: Cereidee
  • Created on: 22-04-18 14:30
The family performs four essential functions: 1. Stable sex drive 2. Reproduction 3. Socialisation 4. Meet economic needs.
Murdock (1949)
1 of 40
The functions the family performs depends on the kind of society in which it is found.`
Parsons (1955)
2 of 40
Monogamy became essential in capitalist society to ensure that only legitimate heirs inherited private property.
3 of 40
All societies are founded on patriarchy, the family and marriage are key institutions in society and so are patriarchal.
4 of 40
Women are 'takers of ****'.
Ansley (1972)
5 of 40
Recognises a change in family arrangement but believes that it's not as significant or a bad thing.
Chester (1985)
6 of 40
Most people do not choose to live in alternative household settings but find themselves in them due to current circumstances.
Chester (1985)
7 of 40
Diversity has come about because of the increase in equality between man and woman.
Giddens (1992)
8 of 40
Family diversity has increased because we now have more choice over the type of family we create.
Cheal (1993)
9 of 40
Postmodern families are diverse, their shape depends on the active choices people make about how to live.
Stacey (1998)
10 of 40
The old are useless for the capitalist society because of their lack of productivity.
Phillipson (1982)
11 of 40
We are able to choose a lifestyle that suits us, regardless of our age.
Hunt (2005)
12 of 40
Inequalities such as class and gender remain important.
Pilcher (1995)
13 of 40
Note a long-term trend away from segregated conjugal roles, and towards joint conjugal roles and the 'symmetrical family'.
Young and Willmott (1973)
14 of 40
Rejects the 'march of progress' view, Young and Willmott's claims are exaggerated.
Oakley (1974)
15 of 40
Both partners are likely to be in paid employment.
Gershuny (1994)
16 of 40
Notes a trend towards women doing a smaller share of domestic work and men doing more.
Sullivan (2000)
17 of 40
The triple shift; wives are expected to continue juggling paid work with housework and 'emotion work'.
Duncombe and Marsden
18 of 40
In the modern family, there is a degree of control over family income present.
Pahl and Vogler (1993)
19 of 40
Even when there was pooling, men usually made the final decision.
Pahl and Vogler (2007)
20 of 40
The important decisions were usually taken wither by the man alone or jointly, never by the woman independently.
Hardill (1997)
21 of 40
Note the rapid decline in the stigma attached to divorce from the 1960s onwards.
Mitchell and Goody (1997)
22 of 40
In modern society, traditional norms such as the duty to remain with the same partner for life, lose their hold over individuals.
Beck and Giddens (1992)
23 of 40
Rapid technological and cultural changes have damaged children's physical, emotional, and intellectual development, resulting in a 'toxic childhood'
Palmer (2007;2010)
24 of 40
The family performs an ideological function by offering an apparent 'haven; from the harsh exploitative world of capitalism.
Zaretsky (1976)
25 of 40
The 'haven' is an illusion.
Zaretsky (1976)
26 of 40
There are two main types of control over family income: The allowance system, and Pooling.
Pahl and Vogler (1993)
27 of 40
The reason why men are more likely to make final and more important decisions is because they earn more. women who earn less than their husbands are made economically dependent on them and so have less say.
Edgell (1980)
28 of 40
Cite examples of wives being slapped, pushed about, beaten, ***** or killed by their husbands.
Dobash and Dobash (1979, 2007)
29 of 40
Marriage legitimates violence against women by conferring power and authority on husbands and dependency on wives.
Dobash and Dobash
30 of 40
Many social policies assume that the ideal family is the patriarchal nuclear family.
Land (1978)
31 of 40
Even where some policies appear to support women, they still reinforce the patriarchal family and act as a form of social control over women.
Leonard (1978)
32 of 40
In the middle ages, the idea of childhood did not exist.
Ariès (1990)
33 of 40
High death rates encouraged indifference and neglect, especially towards infants.
Shorter (195)
34 of 40
It is more correct to say that in the middle ages, society simply had a different notion of childhood today.
******* (1983)
35 of 40
Boys are more likely to cycle on roads, use buses and go out after dark unaccompanied.
Hillman (1993)
36 of 40
Girls do more domestic labour than boys.
Bonke (1999)
37 of 40
Asian parents were more likely than other parents to be strict towards their daughters.
Brannen (1994)
38 of 40
Childhood is 'disappearing at a dazzling speed'.
Postman (1994)
39 of 40
Childhood is not disappearing, their is strong evidence of the continued existence of a separate children's culture.
Opie (1993)
40 of 40

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Parsons (1955)


The functions the family performs depends on the kind of society in which it is found.`

Card 3




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Card 4




Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


Ansley (1972)


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