Families and Households

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What is a family?
People who are related by kinship ties & related by blood
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What is a household?
One person living alone or a group of people who live at the same address and share living arrangements
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What is monogamy?
Two individuals
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What is polygamy?
Marriage to more than one partner at the same time
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What is polygyny?
One husband and two or more wives
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What is polyandry?
One wife and two or more husbands
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What is a modified extended family?
An extended family living far apart, but keeping in touch by phone, letters, email, networking websites like facebook and with frequent visits
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Which functionalist believes that the nuclear family is a universal institution?
Murdock (1949)
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What is the family like in The Nayar?
A woman could have sex with up to 12 people and therefore the biological father of children would be unknown, the mothers brother takes on the role of the father
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What is the family like in the Communes?
A number of adults and children all aim to live and work together, with children being seen as the responsibility of the group rather than the natural parents
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What did Murdock (1949) say are the four main funcations of the family?
Sexual, Reproducation, Economic, Socialization
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What did Parsons say were the 2 main roles of the family?
The primary socialization of the children, the stablization of human personalities
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What role do women have in comparison to men?
Women have an expressive role, mean have an instrumental role
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What are the criticisms of the Functionalist perspective?
Rose-tinted glasses, out of date, oppresses women
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What is the new right view of the family?
Support traditional views and institutions
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Which perspecitive thinks that the traditional family is under threat and why?
The New Right, divorce rate, more stepfamilies, more lone parents, cohabitation, births outside marriage, gay marriage or civil partnership
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a household?

Back

One person living alone or a group of people who live at the same address and share living arrangements

Card 3

Front

What is monogamy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is polygamy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is polygyny?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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