Families and Household

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  • Created by: latifat
  • Created on: 06-11-17 08:36
Age-The biological basis for age groups, age describes the journey between birth and death years
Ascribed status-a social position fixed at birth, a position that is very hard to change by one’s own efforts
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Authority-The possession of power which is seen as legitimate by whom it is wielded
Beanpole family-this refers to a modern family where people have fewer children, but at the same time are living longer, family trees are becoming longer and thinner
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Birth rate- The number of live births per 1,000 of the population per year
Birth rate- The number of live births per 1,000 of the population per year
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Child centeredness-A family in which much activity and emotional energy is focused on the children, rather than adult desires
Cereal packet family-The romantic image of the traditional two-parent family featured on the back of corn flake packets in the 1960’s
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Confluent love-Active and casual love rather than ‘forever’ notions of romantic love
Cohabitation- a situation where a couple lives together as man and wife without being legally married
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Commercialisation of childhood-Where children are targeted as a key consumer group by big businesses
Joint conjugal roles-this refers to the jointness of couples, not only in terms of the tasks they perform, but equally in their leisure activities too
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Conjugal roles-The roles played between husband and wife within a marriage with particular reference to the domestic division of labour
Civil partnership Act 2004- Gave same sex couples rights and responsibilities identical to civil marriage.
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Dark side of the family-This term is used to challenge the romantic view of the family by perspectives such as the feminists and Radical Psychiatrists. They highlight the extent of conflict and violence in families
Death (mortality) rate-The number of deaths per thousand of the population per year
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Dependency ration-The ratio within the population of those under the age of 15 and over 65 to those between those years e.g. of working age
Divorce-The legal termination of a marriage
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Divorce rate- A statistical measure of the number of divorces, usually expressed as the number of divorces in any one year per 1,000 married couples in the population
Divorce reform Act 1971-Introduced the concept of ‘no-fault’ divorce
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Divorce reform act 1984-The amount of time before application for divorce can be made was reduced
Dual Burden-Is when a woman has the responsibility of paid work and unpaid work
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Empty-Shell marriage-A term given to marriage where love and romance have long gone and couples stay together either because divorces is not an option (e.g. religious reasons) or they simply cannot make the effort to separate
Expressive role-This refers to The housewife providing the warmth, security and emotional nurturing suppor
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Extended family-The nuclear family has been added to either vertically, or horizontally.
Family-Two or more generations of people tied together through blood, marriage or adoption.
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Family diversity- A term used to describe the differing forms of family organisation typical of modern Britain
Family paths-This refers to the highly varies and individual experiences people have within families according to age, gender etc
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Fertility rate- average number of children women will have between the ages of 15 and 44
‘Fit’ thesis-Evolutionary theory, suggesting that family changed from the extended to nuclear family to provide a functional fit to the new industrial society that benefited from smaller, more mobile families
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Gender- used by sociologists to describe the cultural and social attributes of men and women, which are manifested in appropriate masculinity and femininity
Gender division of labour-husbands and wives have different roles/tasks
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Household-A group of people not necessarily related who share accommodation, or one person living alone
Hierarchy-A central concept of stratification, signifying the ordering of social positions in a structure of superiority and inferiority
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Individualisation-We place an emphasis on self-fulfilment rather than collective goals Infant mortality rate-The number of deaths in a population of infants under one year of age per thousand births
Lone parent families-Families consisting of a dependent child or children living with one parent, usually the mother.
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March of progress theory-collective name for social theorist, usually functionalists, who see the family evolving and adapting in a progressive way to fit the changing needs of wider society
Marriage- a legal contract between two people of opposing sexes offering rights and obligations under law
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Marriage rate-the number of marriage occurring among the population of a given area per year, per 1,000 total population
Net migration-the difference between the numbers emigrating and those immigrating
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Neo conventional family-This refers to a family where both partners work and may not be married however it is more symmetrical and happier
Patriarchy-A form of society where males are the rulers and leaders exercise power, both at the level of society as a whole and within individual households
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Primary socialisation-Instilling basic skills and values on young children
Reconstituted family-step family
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Secularisation-the process in which religious thinking, practices and organisations lose their social significance
Segregated gender roles-Husband and wife have a clear cut division of labour
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Serial monogamy-several marriage partners/long term relationships over the course of one’s life
Social construction-Created by society and/or by social attitudes
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Stabilisation of adult personalities (WBT)-The family supports its members emotionally
Structurally isolated-the idea that the nuclear family is obligated to or is independent of the extended family
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Symmetrical family-roles are shared more or less evenly within the family, even though they may be gender segregated
Triple shift-Paid work, housework, the emotional role
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Urbanisation-The growth of cities, or the movement of population of the land into towns
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Beanpole family-this refers to a modern family where people have fewer children, but at the same time are living longer, family trees are becoming longer and thinner

Back

Authority-The possession of power which is seen as legitimate by whom it is wielded

Card 3

Front

Birth rate- The number of live births per 1,000 of the population per year

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Cereal packet family-The romantic image of the traditional two-parent family featured on the back of corn flake packets in the 1960’s

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Cohabitation- a situation where a couple lives together as man and wife without being legally married

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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