Factors Affecting Choice of Research Method

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 11-03-15 21:43
What are the two theorists who prefer different theoretical factors?
-Positivists, -Interpretivists,
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How do positivists believe research methods should be carried out?
They believe it should be studied and carried out scientifically
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How do interpretivists believe research methods should be carried out?
They believe non-scientific methods should be used,
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What type of data do positivists favour and an example of a study?
-Quantitative, -Official statistics,
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What do positivists look for in quantitative methods?
For casual relationships by following the logic of the experimental method,
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Describe the advantages that quantitative data brings?
-Reliability, -Objectivity, -Generalisations, -Representativeness,
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Give an example study on sucide rates and what was used?
Durkheim's study into suicide by offical statistics developed a 'scientific' theory of suicide,
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What type of data for interpretivists favour and an example study?
-Qualitative, -Observations, -Informal interviews,
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What do interpretivists look for in qualitative data?
Individual motives, meanings, feeling and emotions
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Describe the advantages that qualitative data brings?
-Valdity, -Insight, -Depth, -No pre-defined, -Allows Verstenhen,
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Give an example study on domestic violence and what was used?
Dobash and Dobash were able to discover the patriarchal nature of domestic violence through the use of informal interviews
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What are the four main practical factors to discuss about using a research method?
-Topic/group studied, -Social characterisitics of the researcher, -Time/money, -Source of finance
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What is the issue with the topic/group studied?
They could be sensitive,
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If the group discussing a sensitive topic area, what data should be used and why?
Qualitative methods which allows rapport to be built between the interviewer and interviewees,
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Give an example study when qualitative data was used as well as rapport?
Oakley carried out informal interviews to find out women's experiences of childbirth,
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What is the issue with the social characteristics of the researcher?
It can effect the research method they choose for a particular topic-e.g. a 30 year odl male cannot doe a CPO research into schools,
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What could be the issue with time and money?
it could be limited,
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Therefore, what type of data should be used, an example and why?
Quantitative data methods such as postal questionnaires as they are quicker and cheaper than qualitative methods,
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How can the source of finance affect the choice of the research method?
As organisations may need the use of quantitative methods as they are more scientific credibility for governments
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What is an example of the research method being used to suit the source of finance?
The BCS which carried out structure interviews consisting of mainly closed questions,
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What are some of the major ethical guidelines?
-No deception, -No expolitation, -Gain informed consent, -No harm or distress caused, -Right to withdraw, -Dont take part in illegal activities, -Privacy and confidentiality,
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What kind of methods based on these ethical guidelines are questionnable?
-Experiments, -CPO
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Give an example study which may have broke these guidelines?
Partick's CPO study into gangs which broke all the major guidelines,
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To conlude, what is the most important factor in the choice of research methods?
The topic/ group studied so a method that fits the purpose
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However, what method can be used which combines both methods?
Triangulation,
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Card 2

Front

How do positivists believe research methods should be carried out?

Back

They believe it should be studied and carried out scientifically

Card 3

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How do interpretivists believe research methods should be carried out?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What type of data do positivists favour and an example of a study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What do positivists look for in quantitative methods?

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