Factors that affect obedience study Flashcards

  • Created by: tomtom11
  • Created on: 22-05-17 10:20
Situation STRENGTH- Meeus and Rajmaker (1986)
Control group didn't give verbal comments to the 'job applicant' as they had a choice, but the experimental group had no choice and there was 91.7% obedience rate. Situation also affects, as when the experimenter was absent, obedience fell.
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Culture STRENGTH- Shanab and Yahya (1977)
Recreated Milgram in Jordan with a female experimenter and children aged 6-16. Obedience rate was 73%.
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Culture WEAKNESS- Blass (1999)
Conducted a full-scale meta-analysis of studies researching obedience. Average % in US studies = 60.94%, and in other countries is 65.94%. Blass said that this may be 'one of the universals of social behaviour'.
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Individual Differences STRENGTH- Milgram and Elms (1966)
Thought that those who were more obedient had an authoritarian personality. Used the F-Scale (Fascism scale) + compared scores for 20 obedient and 20 defiant participants. Found that obedient people had a higher F-Scale score.
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Individual Differences STRENGTH (with a bit of weakness)- Blass (1991)
Has found some evidence that an internal locus of control leads to there being more resistance to obedience. However, other studies have found research in this area to be unclear.
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Gender STRENGTH- Kilham and Mann (1974)
Obedience = 40% for males and 16% for females. When someone else administered the shock, it was 68% for males and 40% for females- implying females are less obedient than males.
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Gender WEAKNESS- Blass (1999)
Conducted meta-analysis of 10 studies and found that only Kilham and Mann found gender differences. Overall = no differences.
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Gender STRENGTH- Sheridan and King (1972)
Adapted Milgram's study for college students and found that all 13 female participants delivered the maximum shocks necessary to a puppy, which was much higher when compared to men.
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Card 2

Front

Recreated Milgram in Jordan with a female experimenter and children aged 6-16. Obedience rate was 73%.

Back

Culture STRENGTH- Shanab and Yahya (1977)

Card 3

Front

Conducted a full-scale meta-analysis of studies researching obedience. Average % in US studies = 60.94%, and in other countries is 65.94%. Blass said that this may be 'one of the universals of social behaviour'.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Thought that those who were more obedient had an authoritarian personality. Used the F-Scale (Fascism scale) + compared scores for 20 obedient and 20 defiant participants. Found that obedient people had a higher F-Scale score.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Has found some evidence that an internal locus of control leads to there being more resistance to obedience. However, other studies have found research in this area to be unclear.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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