FACTORS EFFECTING URBANISATION

Natural increase
- Birth rate higher than death rate in urban area, so pop. grows. - Young people move to city to find work - these people have children in the cities, increasing pop. - Better healthcare in urban = people live longer = increasing pop. of urban areas.
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Pull factors
- More jobs in urban areas, which are often better paid. - Access to better healthcare/education. - Better quality of life. - Join family members who have already moved.
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Push factors
- Natural disasters (e.g. earthquake) can damage property and farmland. - Desertification can make land unproductive (farming limited). - Mechanisation of agricultural equipment (farms require fewer workers = fewer jobs). - Conflict or war.
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Megacities
- E.g. Mumbai, India. - A megacity is an urban area with over 10million people living there. - Now 34 megacities. - More than 2/3 of megacities are in NEEs and LICs. - More megacities are expected to emerge in Asia and Africa by 2030.
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Card 2

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Pull factors

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- More jobs in urban areas, which are often better paid. - Access to better healthcare/education. - Better quality of life. - Join family members who have already moved.

Card 3

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Push factors

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Card 4

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Megacities

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Card 5

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