Factors Affecting Obedience

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What variation in Australia showed gender difference?
Kilham and Mann, they replicated the study and found females were less obedient
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What did Milgram find with gender differences?
In his variation where he used all females, there wasn't much of a difference, the results were practically identical however the women showed more anxiety
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Name 2 personality factors that effect obedience
Locus of control and authoritarian personality
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Internal locus of control
People who take responsibility for their own actions and believe they are in control of their lives
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External locus of control
People who believe that their behaviour is beyond their control and that they have no control over their life because its mainly down to chance
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In terms of locus of control (LOC), who is most likely to obey?
People with an external LOC
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Authority Personality (AP)
Proposed by Adorno et al, people with AP are usually fascist and had a strict upbringing, and they are more likely to obey authority figures but be hostile to minority figures
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What did Blass find about cultural differences with obedience?
He did a full scale review of obedience studies across the world, found that collectivist cultures had a higher rate of obedience than individualistic cultures (Eg, Australia= 28% but South Africa=87.5% obedience)
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Whats a collectivist culture?
A culture which relies on each other and helps each other, e.g. South Africa, China, Israel
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What is an individualistic culture?
A culture where everyone is independent, e.g. Britain, America, Australia
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Card 2

Front

What did Milgram find with gender differences?

Back

In his variation where he used all females, there wasn't much of a difference, the results were practically identical however the women showed more anxiety

Card 3

Front

Name 2 personality factors that effect obedience

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Internal locus of control

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

External locus of control

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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