Fabric construction

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Abigail
  • Created on: 15-11-13 16:28
What is plain weave?
It's the simples weave
1 of 39
Describe what it looks like:
The weft yarn passes over and under the warp giving it a criss-cross pattern
2 of 39
What are some of its properties?
It's hard wearing, strong, holds it shape well and its smooth
3 of 39
What is the price like for this?
It's cheap to produce
4 of 39
A diagonal pattern appears on this weave, what is it called?
Twill weave
5 of 39
What is the appearance of this weave?
The weft goes over two and under one. this is repeated from the weft but the warp yarn goes one along
6 of 39
What are the properties for this weave?
It's strong and drapes better than plain weave
7 of 39
What fabric is used from this weave?
Denim is the most renowned fabric
8 of 39
The weft yarn on this weave goes something like this: over 4 and the warp under one. What weave is this called?
Satin weave
9 of 39
What is another name for the long weft yarns?
Floats
10 of 39
What do these floats do?
They catch the light making one side shiny
11 of 39
An example would be?
Satin
12 of 39
What is the main issue with this weave?
It can snag, the fabric is delicate
13 of 39
So, this means it doesn't..?
Resist abrasion
14 of 39
Interlocking loops meaning the yarn runs across the fabric, which Knitted yarn is this?
Weft knitted
15 of 39
What is known for this construction?
It's stretchy
16 of 39
However, weft knit can what easily?
Lose its shape
17 of 39
If the yarn breaks, what can happen?
It could unravel causing a ladder
18 of 39
What two methods can weft knit be produced by?
Hand or machine
19 of 39
What are some end uses for this?
Jumpers, socks, t-shirts
20 of 39
Interlocks are vertical as the yarns run 'up'. Which construction is this?
Warp-knit
21 of 39
What is their main property?
Stretchy
22 of 39
But, unlike the weft-knit, this construction method..?
Doesn't lose its shape
23 of 39
Hard to.?
Unravel
24 of 39
Only one way to produce these and that is by?
Machine
25 of 39
What's the issue with doing it by a machine?
The machines are expensive
26 of 39
What are some of the end uses for warp knits?
Swimwear, tights, fleeces, bed sheets as well
27 of 39
Non-woven fibres are made either by ___ or ___?
Felting or bonding
28 of 39
What's one of the benefits from constructing it this way?
They don't fray
29 of 39
However, two issues are?
Doesn't stretch and aren't very strong
30 of 39
What are bonded fabrics known as?
Webs
31 of 39
How are these 'webs' made?
By glue, stitches or heat
32 of 39
Bonded fabrics are usually made for?
Interfacing and disposable masks
33 of 39
How are felted fabrics made?
Through combination of pressure, moisture and heat
34 of 39
End uses include..?
Carpets, craft material, hats, snooker table coverings
35 of 39
What fabrics are made from Pile weave?
Velvet
36 of 39
What is distinctive about this method of construction?
It has a piled and textured surface
37 of 39
What weave appears on top and what for bottom?
Pile weave ontop and plain weave underneath
38 of 39
How can we tell
The pile weave is the bumpy bit and plain weave is the smooth one
39 of 39

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Describe what it looks like:

Back

The weft yarn passes over and under the warp giving it a criss-cross pattern

Card 3

Front

What are some of its properties?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the price like for this?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

A diagonal pattern appears on this weave, what is it called?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Design & Technology: Textiles resources:

See all Design & Technology: Textiles resources »See all Weaving resources »