Fabric Finishes

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Fabric Finish
A fabric finish is something that is added to the surface of a fibre, fabric or product to change it in some way to make it more suited for its intended use
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Brushing
Makes the fabrics feel light, fluffy and warm (cotton, wool, polyester and polyamide) DRY
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Calendering and Embossing
Fabrics are passed between heat rollers to smooth it (cotton and wool). Embossing has rollers engraved with patterns (synthetic fibres) DRY
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Shrink Resistance
Prevents fabrics shrinking (all fabrics except wool which uses a wet finish) DRY
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Mercerizing
Makes cotton shiny, absorbent and stronger WET
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Stain Resistance
It puts a protective barrier on fabric to stop staining (clothing and furnishing) WET
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Water Resistance
It has a protective barrier to keep out water (clothing and furnishing) WET
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Flame Proofing
Makes cotton burn slower WET
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Anti-Bacterial
Inhibits the growth of microbes, odours, infections, dust mites etc. (bedding, towels, socks, clothes and others) WET
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Easy Care
It reduces shrinking and creasing so fabric needs less ironing (men's shirts) WET
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Micro-encapsulation
Chemicals are released onto the skin of the wearer (bedding, towels, socks and clothes) WET
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Biopolishing
It gives the fabric more sheen - added before the dye (cotton and viscose) BIOLOGICAL
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Bistoning
Gives a faded effect to denim - this is environmentally friendly to a stone washing process (cotton and viscose(denim)) BIOLOGICAL
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Makes the fabrics feel light, fluffy and warm (cotton, wool, polyester and polyamide) DRY

Back

Brushing

Card 3

Front

Fabrics are passed between heat rollers to smooth it (cotton and wool). Embossing has rollers engraved with patterns (synthetic fibres) DRY

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Prevents fabrics shrinking (all fabrics except wool which uses a wet finish) DRY

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Makes cotton shiny, absorbent and stronger WET

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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