F334 Salters reaction list

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Esterification of a carboxylic acid
CONC. sulphuric acid, heated under reflux
1 of 8
Phenol test
neutral iron(III) chloride - change from yellow to purple
2 of 8
Production of esters with phenols
requires acyl chloride (and R.T) or acid anhydride (heated under reflux)
3 of 8
Hydrolysis of esters
acid or alkali catalyst
4 of 8
Aldehydes and ketones
distinguished with Fehling's. Aldehyde is oxidised forming an orange/brown precipitate
5 of 8
Hydrolysis of amides (alkali)
MODERATELY CONCENTRATED alkali, under reflux
6 of 8
Hydrolysis of amides (acid)
MODERATED CONCENTRATED acid, under reflux
7 of 8
Hydrolysis of peptides
MODERATED CONCENTRATED HCl, under reflux with ninhydrin as a locating agent (TLC)
8 of 8

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Phenol test

Back

neutral iron(III) chloride - change from yellow to purple

Card 3

Front

Production of esters with phenols

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Hydrolysis of esters

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Aldehydes and ketones

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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