F324 conditions

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  • Created by: Rabia97
  • Created on: 20-04-15 19:03
Nitration
C6H6 + HNO3= C6H5NO2 + H20 HNO3 + H2SO4 = NO2 + HSO4 + H2O Reflux 60c, conc HNO3, conc H2SO4
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Halogenation of benzene
C6H6 + X2 = C6H5X + HX Non aqueous, X2, halogen carrier catalyst
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Acid anhydride and alcohol
Acid anhydride + alcohol = ester + carboxylic acid Reflux (warm gently)
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Aliphatic amines
Halogen alkane + NH3 = Amine + Hydrogen halide Ethanolic NH3/ NH3(alc)
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Aromatic amines
Nitrobenzene + 6[H] = phenyl amine + 2H2O [H] Sn catalyst, conc HCl, reflux Reduction (O lost, H gained)
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Reaction of aliphatic amine
Branch amine + HCl = branch ammonium chloride (NH3Cl)
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Reaction 1 of phenyl amine
Phenyl amine + HCl = phenyl amine chloride (NH3Cl)
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Reaction 2 of phenyl amine
Phenyl amine + HNO2 + HCl = benzene diazonium chloride + 2H2O 10c benzene diazonium chloride = phenol + N2
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Making Azo Dyes
Diazonium + phenol = azo dye + HCl alkaline conditions
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Acid Hydrolysis of esters
Ester + water = carboxylic acid + alcohol dilute acid, reflux
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Alkaline Hydrolysis of esters
Ester + hydroxide = carboxylate salt + alcohol reflux, aqueous NaOH/KOH
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Acid Hydrolsis of amide bond
in eqaution reactants H2O and 2H+ H+ adds on to each N reflux 24 hours 6moldm-3 HCl
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Alkaline Hydrolysis of amine bond
NaOH, 100c Na adds on to O of OH on both amino acids
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Halogenation of benzene

Back

C6H6 + X2 = C6H5X + HX Non aqueous, X2, halogen carrier catalyst

Card 3

Front

Acid anhydride and alcohol

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Aliphatic amines

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Aromatic amines

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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