Extreme Environments

  • Created by: mieke.r
  • Created on: 03-04-17 08:52
Adaptation
changes that take place to react to a situation or condition. (They may or may not be successful)
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Carrying Capacity
the maximum number of people that can be supported by the resources and technology of a given area
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Cultural Dilution
where a particular culture is changed and weakened, usually by exposure to other competing cultures.
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Desertification
the process by which land becomes drier and degraded, as a result of climate change or human activities, or both.
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Exploitation
making full use of something (often implying that the use is unfair and has a negative impact
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Extreme Climate
a climate that is unusually challenging, usually in terms of its temperature conditions or type and extent of precipitation.
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Fauna
Animals
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Flora
Plants
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Glacial Regions
an area that is covered by ice (either a valley glacier or much larger ice sheets)
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Hot Arid Regions
parts of the world that have high average temperatures and very low precipitation
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Intermediate Technology
a technology that the local community is able to use relatively easily and without much cost
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Land Degradation
the declining quality of and quantity of land. generally because of human action
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Latitude
how far north or south from the equator a place is - measured in degrees
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Nomadic Pastoralism
a type of farming where farmers have no permanent land and migrate with their cattle, etc. from one place to another
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Permafrost
permanently frozen ground found in polar (glacial and tundra) regions
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Polar Region
an air mass whose source region is an area of land in cold, northern latitudes (Siberia) and which may move westwards, bringing cold, dry conditions to Europe in winter.
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Pollution
the presence of chemicals, noise, dirt or other substances which have harmful or poisonous effects on an environment
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Solifluction
the movement downhill of soggy soil when the ground layer beneath is frozen. It often occurs in tundra regions
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Temperate Climate
a climate that is not extreme (in terms of heat, cold, dryness or wetness)
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Tundra
the flat, treeless Arctic regions of Europe, Asia and North America, where the ground is permanently frozen.
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Active layer
a thin layer of ground, close to the surface, which freezes in the winter, but melts in the summer
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Out-migration
when people leave an area and move to live somewhere else
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

the maximum number of people that can be supported by the resources and technology of a given area

Back

Carrying Capacity

Card 3

Front

where a particular culture is changed and weakened, usually by exposure to other competing cultures.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the process by which land becomes drier and degraded, as a result of climate change or human activities, or both.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

making full use of something (often implying that the use is unfair and has a negative impact

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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