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Describe Antarctica
Coldest place on earth (-80C) and inaccessible, so very extreme. 14 million km squared and 99% covered in ice
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Describe the increase in tourism
7,413 in 1996/7 up to 46,000 in 2007/8. More tourists from USA, then UK, Germany, Australia, Canada.
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Why are people attracted to visit?
Stunning scenery (mountains, icebergs), wildlife (penguins, whales)
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What are the issues with tourism here?
Due to the climate, the ecosystem is very fragile and will take a long time to recover from damage. Tourists trample plants, litter, and bother wildlife. They could introduce alien species, boats can spill fuel (MS explorer leaked oil, killing wildli
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How have they attempted to deal with these issues?
1961, Antarctic Treaty singed by 47 countries to protect and conserve antartica. In april 2009, agreed new limits on tourist numbers (ships with less than 500 peeps only), 100 ashore at a time. IAATO created code of conduct
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Describe the IAATO's code of conduct
Voluntary, however tour operators stick to it, says, some areas off limits, do not disturb wildlife, no litter or smoking, supervised by quality guide, no trampling on plants, all waste taken away and stored on ship
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Card 2

Front

Describe the increase in tourism

Back

7,413 in 1996/7 up to 46,000 in 2007/8. More tourists from USA, then UK, Germany, Australia, Canada.

Card 3

Front

Why are people attracted to visit?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the issues with tourism here?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How have they attempted to deal with these issues?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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