1. What role do hormones, particularly ghrelin, play in the failure of dieting?
- When you are hormonal, you will want to eat more regardless of dieting restrictions
- They are just there bloody deal with it
- Stimulates appetite, making hungry people feel hungrier
- Makes you think you are hungry when you have just eaten
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2. Why do people who have problems maintaining concentration struggle with diets?
- Lose motivation in dieting in general
- Because they lose focus on targets and behavioural strategies that they should be undertaking
- Forget why they are on the diet in the first place
- Old habits are more easily recovered in people who have little focus
3. What is the theory that suggests that our body has a particular range (about 10%) if weight it is comfortable in and therefore make it harder to lose and keep off a certain weight?
- High metabolism theory
- Set point theory
- Dual model centre of feeding
- Biological theory
4. What is a weakness of these studies?
- Low ecological validity
- Reductionist and doesn't support psychology being a science
- Most are Eurocentric and gender biased to mainly women
- Ethnocentric and androcentric
5. Mann did a meta-analysis of 14 studies that followed pps over 4 years after a diet, what did he find?
- After a while, the weight gradually came back to the original weight
- That some kept off the weight and some didn't
- On the long term, pps had gained all back but 3kg of their original weight before the diet
- That the pps had kept off all the weight because of the change in mindset