EXPLANATIONS OF OCD

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1. what two factors explain the behaioural approach

  • conditioning to create obsessions, reinforcement of compulsions to reduce anxiety
  • obsessions are formed through genetics, compulsions formed from environmental factors
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2. give the 3 main psychological explanations of ocd?

  • develpomental, cognitive, psychodynamic
  • behavioural, cognitive, psychodynamic
  • behavioural, psychological,cognitive

3. does and increase or decrease in serotonin cause ocd?

  • decrease
  • increase

4. what concordance rates were found between twins with OCD?

  • 40% concordance rates
  • 87% concordance between MZ twins only 13% environmental
  • 96% DZ twins with only 4% environmental

5. what did freuds theory suggest about ocd

  • that it is learnt from a young age when a fixation occurs
  • that it is learnt during childhood as a result of too much emphasis on cleaning

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