Explanations of attachment: Bowlby's theory

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  • Created by: Gottowork
  • Created on: 14-05-16 16:59
What did Bowlby say that attachment was?
An innate system that gave a survival advantage
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What is monotropy?
The idea that one attachment is different and more important than all others - not necessarily the mother
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What is 1) the law of continuity and 2) the law of accumulated separation?
1) The more constant and predictable a child's care is, the better the quality, 2) effects of every separation add up
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What are social releasers?
Innate 'cute' behaviours, e.g. smiling, cooing - makes adult feel love towards baby due to activation of adult attachment system
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What did Bowlby say was the critical period (or sensitive) of attachments?
Two years - child will find it harder to form one later if not
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What is an internal working model?
Mental representations of our attachment to primary caregiver, affecting future relationships as carry perceptions of what they should be like. Affects parenting behaviour also
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Why is monotropy a socially sensitive idea?
Major implications for mothers' lifestyle choices - setting them up to take blame if anything goes wrong if have any separations, may not return to work. Bowlby's aim was to increase their status - their role is important!
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Why might temperament be as important as attachment?
Kagan said babies that are more anxious or more sociable than others will explain later social behaviours, accuse Bowlby of over-emphasising early experiences and quality
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What support is there for social releasers?
Brazleton et al. experiment - primary attachment figures instructed to ignore babies' signals, some distress then some even curling up motionless when continues. Supports Bowlby's ideas about significance of social behaviour in eliciting caregiving
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What support is there for internal working models?
Bailey et al. - 99 mothers with one-year old babies observation, interview about old mothers. Internal working model of attachment found to pass through families
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is monotropy?

Back

The idea that one attachment is different and more important than all others - not necessarily the mother

Card 3

Front

What is 1) the law of continuity and 2) the law of accumulated separation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are social releasers?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Bowlby say was the critical period (or sensitive) of attachments?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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