Explanations For Forgetting

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What is retrieval failure?
This occurs during absence of cues and has a lack of accessibility to information
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What is encoding specificity principle?
This is when material that is present at encoding is also present at retrieval.
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Who was the researcher involved in this study and when?
Tulving, 1966
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What did Tulving And Pearlstone do in 1966?
They did the category and word study?
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What were the findings of the study?
The free recall was 40% however the cued recall was 60%
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What is context depending forgetting?
Study with 4 conditions of different room, different experimenter and vice versa. The results were the that the condition in the same room with the same experimenter acted as memory cues and was therefore performed best
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Who was the researcher and when?
Abernathy, 1940
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What is state dependent forgetting?
Recall was best when the initial state (drunk or sober) matched the state at recall
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Who was the researcher and when?
Goodwin et al, 1969
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EVALUATION: There is a lot of research support
High validity as there is so much supporting research evidence both in laboratory and natural environments.
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EVALUATION: Real world application
Abernathy's research showed When taking exams you should revise in the same room.
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Card 2

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What is encoding specificity principle?

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This is when material that is present at encoding is also present at retrieval.

Card 3

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Who was the researcher involved in this study and when?

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Card 4

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What did Tulving And Pearlstone do in 1966?

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Card 5

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What were the findings of the study?

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