Explaining the differences in ethnic offending and ethnic victimisation

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  • Created by: ncs1997
  • Created on: 13-04-15 15:56
Left Realism
Ethnic differences in statistics represent real differences in the levels of offending by ethnic groups. Lea and Young argue that the differences in minorities can't be accounted for by police racism. But others argue it could be due to stereotypes.
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Neo-Marxism - Gilroy
Argues that the idea of black criminality is a myth created by racist stereotypes that originated in the former British colonies. However first-gen immigrants were law-abiding, and most crime is intra-ethnic.
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Neo-Marxism - Hall et al
In times of crisis, the ruling class find it harder to rule the lower class. In the early 70s capitalism faced a crisis, and the media started to report more about 'mugging', a new type of crime. This soon became a specifically 'black' crime.
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What 2 things does racist victimisation cover?
Racist incidents - an incident that is perceived to be racist by the victim or another person. Racially or religiously aggravated offences - assault, wounding, criminal damage and harassment. The offender is motivated by hostility towards a group.
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What is the extent of ethnic victimisation?
61,000 racist incidents and 42,600 racially or religiously aggravated offences were reported in 06/07, but most go unreported. However, these could be due to other factors such as gender or class. Also statistics don't record the victim's experience.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Argues that the idea of black criminality is a myth created by racist stereotypes that originated in the former British colonies. However first-gen immigrants were law-abiding, and most crime is intra-ethnic.

Back

Neo-Marxism - Gilroy

Card 3

Front

In times of crisis, the ruling class find it harder to rule the lower class. In the early 70s capitalism faced a crisis, and the media started to report more about 'mugging', a new type of crime. This soon became a specifically 'black' crime.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Racist incidents - an incident that is perceived to be racist by the victim or another person. Racially or religiously aggravated offences - assault, wounding, criminal damage and harassment. The offender is motivated by hostility towards a group.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

61,000 racist incidents and 42,600 racially or religiously aggravated offences were reported in 06/07, but most go unreported. However, these could be due to other factors such as gender or class. Also statistics don't record the victim's experience.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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