Explaining Female Crime

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  • Created by: ncs1997
  • Created on: 04-04-15 14:13
What is the functionalist sex role theory
Girls are encouraged to be gentle and tender, and so boys tend to reject this and anything 'feminine' by engaging in 'compensatory compulsory masculinity' which can result in delinquency. It's all about socialisation.
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Why does Walklate criticise this?
For its biological assumptions, just because women bear children, doesn't mean they are best suited for the expressive role.
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Heidensohn
Women's behaviour is conformist because patriarchal society imposes greater control over women. This control operates at home (domestic violence), in public (fear of ****), and at work (glass ceiling and sexual harassment).
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Carlen
Used unstructured interviews on 39 convicted women. Argues that humans are controlled by being offered a 'deal'. People turn to crime when this deal doesn't suit them. Working-class women have 2 deals, the class deal and the gender deal.
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What are 2 criticisms of Heidensohn and Carlen?
They both see women's behaviour as determined by external forces. Carlen's sample was small and may be unrepresentative.
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Adler - the liberation thesis.
As women become liberated from patriarchy, their crimes will become as frequent and serious as men's. Since the 1950s female crime has risen and there has been a growth of 'girl gangs'.
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What are 3 criticisms of the liberation thesis?
The female crime rate began rising before the women's liberation movement. Most female criminals are working class, who are the least affected by women's liberation. Females in typically male crime was usually due to prostitution.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

For its biological assumptions, just because women bear children, doesn't mean they are best suited for the expressive role.

Back

Why does Walklate criticise this?

Card 3

Front

Women's behaviour is conformist because patriarchal society imposes greater control over women. This control operates at home (domestic violence), in public (fear of ****), and at work (glass ceiling and sexual harassment).

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Used unstructured interviews on 39 convicted women. Argues that humans are controlled by being offered a 'deal'. People turn to crime when this deal doesn't suit them. Working-class women have 2 deals, the class deal and the gender deal.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

They both see women's behaviour as determined by external forces. Carlen's sample was small and may be unrepresentative.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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