Explaining depression

  • Created by: Emily~99
  • Created on: 23-05-17 11:40
What year was Ellis' ABC model developed?
1962
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What does ABC stand for in Ellis' model?
Adversity, Beliefs, Consequences
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What dies the EFG stand for in Ellis' model?
Disputing negative beliefs, Effective beliefs created, Functional emotions/behaviour
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What year was Beck's negative triad developed?
1976
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What are automatic thoughts?
Negative thoughts or ideas that seem to arise spontaneously in the minds of depressed individuals
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What is over-generalisation?
The error of assuming that a single negative experience indicates that numerous similar experiences will occur in the future
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What is a cognitive schema?
Organised information stored in long-term memory (LTM) and used by individuals to form interpretations of themselves and the world in which they live
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What is memory bias?
The retrieval of more negative or unpleasant information than positive or neutral information from LTM
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What are the 3 concepts in Beck's negative triad?
The self, the world, the future
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What did Beck & Dozois (2011) say about maladaptive cognitive schemas?
They develop in early life, but remain dormant until they're triggered by external events
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What year was Lewinsohn et al.'s study on negative life experiences conducted?
2001
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Evans et al. (2005) found that negative self-beliefs can predict the onset of depression how many years later?
3
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What did McGuffin et al. (1996) find to be the concordance rate for identical and non-identical twins with major depressive disorder?
46% and 20%
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What did Craddock & Jones (1999) find to be the concordance rate for identical and non-identical twins with bipolar disorder?
40% and 5-10%
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Brown & Harris (1978) found that what percentage of women with depression had experienced min. 1 very stressful life event in the past 8 months?
61%
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Card 2

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What does ABC stand for in Ellis' model?

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Adversity, Beliefs, Consequences

Card 3

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What dies the EFG stand for in Ellis' model?

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Card 4

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What year was Beck's negative triad developed?

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Card 5

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What are automatic thoughts?

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