Explain and Evaluate the methodology used by the psychodynamic approach

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What does the PA favour using?
Case studies and Clinical interviews
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What do case studies allow?
A unique insight into one person or a group of people through the use of interviews
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What is the example?
Frued and Breuer were able to work together and study Anna O's history and problems in detail to understand the causes of her hysteria
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What is a strength of Case studies?
High on external validity
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Why is it high in external validity?
They are based on studies of real life and do not study pps in artifical situations
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What was Little hans able to do?
Describe his dreams and fear of horses while in his own home
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What was he asked about?
His real life problems
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What was he not asked to complete?
Artifical tasks in a lab
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What does this suggest?
Case studies and clinical intervies paint a true picture of real life behaviout
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Why does it lead to a lack of reliability?
Freud did not use standardised procedures
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What is the example?
Anna O and Wolfman were treated for depression but in completely different ways that could not easily be repeated
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what is another weakness of the case studies?
they are unscientific
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what are the freudian methods open to?
Interviewer bias and cant be disproved due to his work being carried out on the unconscious mind
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For example?
Freud's analysis of wolf man is subjective
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What did Freud suggest?
Both Anna O and wolfman were treated for depression but in completely different ways that could not easily be repeated
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What is another weakness of PA?
The methods are unethical
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Why are the methods unethical?
Some case studies can lead to misinterpretation and hence incorrect treatment
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What can this do to patients?
In a position of potential harm
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What is believed?
Anna O was misdiagnosed and she suffered temporal lobe eplilepsy where many of her symptoms such as (imagined smells) are common side effects
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What does this suggest?
She was not treated for her actual problem
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Which broke what?
BPS guidelines
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What is another strength of case studies?
They produce qualitative data
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Why?
Freud was able to build up rich detailed notes on his clients noting their behaviour on childhood experiences and problems
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What did Little Han's father gain?
Detailed information about his relationship with his father and dreams and other aspects of life
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What does this suggest?
They provide in depth and detailed understanding of specific problems
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What is there a lack in which means what?
Quantitative data which means comparisons and predictions are difficult
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Card 2

Front

What do case studies allow?

Back

A unique insight into one person or a group of people through the use of interviews

Card 3

Front

What is the example?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a strength of Case studies?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why is it high in external validity?

Back

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