EWT

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What were the 45 PPs in Loftus and Palmer's study shown?
7 differnet films of traffic accidents
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What was the one critical question in the following questionnaire?
How fat were the cars going when they contacted/hit/ bumped/ collided with/ smashed into each other?
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what was the difference between the estmates given whhen the verb was "contacted" and "smashhed"
Contacted = 31.8 mph Smashed = 40.8 mph
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What happened in the 2nd experiment?
different PPs were divided into 3 groups and shown a 1 minute car crash, they were then asked the critical question from the last study
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What was the follow up to the study?
The PPs returned a week later to answer 10 questions about the film, one was "did you see any broken glass?" (there was none)
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what were the results for the second experiment?
PPs in the smashed group = 16/34 saw broken glass as opposed to 7/43 in contacted and 6/44 in the control group
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How did Gabbert (2003) investigate the effects of post event discussion?
Pairs of PPs watched different videos of the same event, in one condition they were encouraged to discuss the videos. 71% of that condition report seeing events that were picked up in the post event discussion after the video
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what did LaRooy (2005) show?
an interviewer may influence the recollection of certain events, this happens especially when children are interviewed bout a crime they have witnessed
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E1: What support exists for theories on leading questions?
Braun (2002) PPs were asked to evaluate Disneyland advertising. embedded in the material was misleading informationabout Bugs Bunny (not diseny) and Ariel (not introduced when PPs went)
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E1: what did the PPs report?
PPs in the Bugs or Arial conditon were more likely to report shaking hands with either Bugs or Arial
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E2: while Loftus thought that most EWT was inaccurate what did Foster (1994) say to counter this?
Foster (2004) obseverd that if PPs thought theywere watching a real crime and they thought what they said would influence the trial then they were more accurate
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e2: what did Yuille and Cutshall (1986) find to back up Foster (2004)
Yuille and Cutshall observed that EWTs in Canada of people who witnessed a real robbery were highly accurate despite being given 2 leading questions
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E3: What real world effects had research into eye witness testimonies have?
Psychologists have warned the Justice system onf the problems encountered when relying on EWT
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E3: What evidence is there to suggest that the justice system has problems with leading questions?
Olson and wells found that DNA exonerations found that the majority of wrongful sentencing was due to misleading eye witness testimonies
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the one critical question in the following questionnaire?

Back

How fat were the cars going when they contacted/hit/ bumped/ collided with/ smashed into each other?

Card 3

Front

what was the difference between the estmates given whhen the verb was "contacted" and "smashhed"

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happened in the 2nd experiment?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the follow up to the study?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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