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What happens during aerobic respiration?
Your heart and lungs work to supply the mucles with oxygen
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Give an example of anaerobic respiration
100m Sprint
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Give an example of aerobic respiration
Running a marathon
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What is the main job of the red blood cells?
To carry oxygen around the body and transport CO2 to the lungs
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What is the main job of the white blood cells?
To protect the body by fighting infection, repairing damaged tissue and destroying bacteria
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Explain 'abduction' movement
To take away from the body e.g. Backhand in tennis
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Explain 'adduction' movement
To add to the body e.g. batting in rounders
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Explain 'flexion' movement
To bend at the joint e.g. upwards bicep curl
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Explain 'extension' movement
To extend (lengthen) the joint e.g. volley in volleyball
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Explain some of the features of fast twitch muscle fibres
Tire quickly; contracts fast; used for speed or explosive strangth; white; not good oxygen; fast, powerful action
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Explain some of the features of slow twitch muscle fibres
Can repeat; used endurance events; good oxygen; gets energy from oxygen; contracts slow; dark red
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List the five fuctions of the skeleton
Movement, support, shape, protection and blood cell production
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What type of joint are the shoulder and pelvis?
Ball and Socket
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What type of joint are the elbows and knees?
Hinge
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What type of joint is the wrist?
Condyloid
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What type of joint is the back of the pelvis?
Sacroiliac
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What does S.P.O.R. stand for?
Specificity, Progression, Overload and Reversibility
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What is meant by Specificity?
The relevance of the exercise. Training should relate to sport
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What is meant by Progression?
Training needs to be set so that it progressively increases
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What is meant by Overload?
To gain fitness benefits when training the system being used must be overload
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What is meant by Reversibility?
Must be remembered that any time off the programme will lead to regression-loss of fitness
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What does F.I.T.T. stand for?
Frequency, Intensity, Time and Type
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What is meant by Frequency?
Training needs to be performed regularly, between 3-5 sessions recommended
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What is meant by Intensity?
Needs to be set at the right intensity- how hard exercise is physically
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What is meant by Time?
Needs to be planned long term so that adaptation takes place
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What is meant by Type?
Type of training should be related to your sport
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What is meant by aerobic threshold?
The level at which exercise starts having an effect on your body
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Where abouts is someones aerobic threshold?
Between 60 and 80% of their maximum heart rate
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What will happen if someone was working below 60%?
There will be no improvement to a persons fitness
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What is a target zone?
The range in within which an individual needs to work for aerobic training to take place
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What is the training zone?
Working above 80% (aerobic threshold)
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What is improved by target zone?
Endurance and stamina
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What is improved by training zone?
Strength, power and muscular strength
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What are the four core themes of the healthy schools programme?
PSHE; Healthy eating; Physical activity; Emotional health and well-being
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What is a role model?
Someone who is looked up to by others and inspires and influences others
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What impacts can role models have on young people?
Inspires them to take part in sports and maybe even try a new sport
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How else can role models infuence people?
By the way they look and their actions
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What impacts can role models have on other sports?
They can promote other sports
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What is accuracy of results?
When you use technology to get the most accurate result
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Why are apps used when it comes to sport?
To keep up with the latest results or sporting equipment. To film a performer and analyse their performance
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How have bikes changed over time?
Made much lighter, making it easier to cycle faster
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What is the disadvantage of lighter bikes?
Tyres tend to pop easily- tyres need to be developed to be more hard-wearing
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How have football boots changed?
Made lighter and offer much more protection
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What are foot pods?
A device used to track running measurements. Device is small but is expensive
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What do athletes do in pre-season?
Work on fitness, strength, mobility, power, speed, skills and strategies to improve condition of body systems
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What do athletes do in early season?
Increased work in skills, tactics, mental approach and diet in order to improve mental and physical body condition
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What do athletes do in peak season (competition)?
Emphasis on speed, improving skill and strategy, supplementing skill sessions
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What do athletes do in out of season?
Rest from the efforts of the season
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When does phase one start and for how long?
Starts in October for 16 weeks
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When does phase two start and for how long?
Starts in mid- to late January for 8 weeks
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When does phase three start and for how long?
Starts in mid-April for 8 weeks
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When does phase four start and for how long?
Starts in mid-May for 8 weeks
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When does phase five start and for how long?
Starts in mid-July for 8 weeks
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When does phase six start and for how long?
Starts in early September for 4 weeks
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give an example of anaerobic respiration

Back

100m Sprint

Card 3

Front

Give an example of aerobic respiration

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the main job of the red blood cells?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the main job of the white blood cells?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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