Events of Book 23 - The Iliad

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1. How does Achilles light Patroclus' funeral pyre?

  • He prays for assistance from the winds to light it.
  • He orders each of the Myrmidons to hold a burning arrow to the pyre to light it.
  • He captures 100 Trojan women and orders them to light it.
  • He uses Hector's bones form the base of the pyre, which he lights.
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2. What happens at the end of Book 23?

  • Achilles hands out gold to all the competitors and everyone is happy.
  • Achilles and Antilochus reconcile and everyone is happy.
  • Trygaeus wins the rest of the games and everyone is jealous.
  • Athene and Hera arrive with food and everyone leaves happy.

3. What sort of activities occur in the event organised by Achilles, in order to honour Patroclus?

  • Boxing, archery, wresting and chariot racing.
  • Theatre contests, drinking contests, libations to Zeus and gathering of slave women.
  • Sacrificing, mass praying, ceremonial burning and silent ritual.
  • Drinking, eating, dancing and singing.

4. What does Achilles have sacrificed at Patroclus' funeral?

  • 12 Trojan captives.
  • 4 Archaean priests.
  • 20 Greek slave girls.
  • 100 Trojan women.

5. Who does Achilles want to take the prize from, in order to give it to the loser?

  • Trygaeus - Last but one place
  • Antilochus - Second place
  • Ajax - Fourth place
  • Diomedes - First place


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