Events of Book 23 - The Iliad

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1. How does Diomedes win the chariot race?

  • He persuades Nestor to distract the competition by calling out bad omens.
  • Athene helps him by robbing the loser of victory.
  • He makes a libation to Apollo who fires a burning arrow at the opposition.
  • He convinces Iris to cast bad omens on the competition.
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2. What does Achilles have sacrificed at Patroclus' funeral?

  • 20 Greek slave girls.
  • 12 Trojan captives.
  • 4 Archaean priests.
  • 100 Trojan women.

3. What happens at the end of Book 23?

  • Achilles hands out gold to all the competitors and everyone is happy.
  • Achilles and Antilochus reconcile and everyone is happy.
  • Trygaeus wins the rest of the games and everyone is jealous.
  • Athene and Hera arrive with food and everyone leaves happy.

4. What does Achilles organise for Patroclus after the burial of his bones?

  • A Funeral Games.
  • A sacrifice of one hundred goats.
  • A Funeral Feast.
  • A wedding ceremony for the lost souls.

5. What sort of activities occur in the event organised by Achilles, in order to honour Patroclus?

  • Drinking, eating, dancing and singing.
  • Theatre contests, drinking contests, libations to Zeus and gathering of slave women.
  • Boxing, archery, wresting and chariot racing.
  • Sacrificing, mass praying, ceremonial burning and silent ritual.


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