Events of Book 23 - The Iliad

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1. Why does Achilles decide to bury Patroclus sooner than planned?

  • Paris was threatening an attack on the Achaean camp in order to take back Patroclus' body.
  • Patroclus' mother made a journey across Troy to attend the burial.
  • Patroclus visited him in a dream and asked to be buried soon for his soul to move on.
  • Nestor gave Achilles a message from his father, asking him to bury him sooner.
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2. What happens at the end of Book 23?

  • Trygaeus wins the rest of the games and everyone is jealous.
  • Achilles hands out gold to all the competitors and everyone is happy.
  • Achilles and Antilochus reconcile and everyone is happy.
  • Athene and Hera arrive with food and everyone leaves happy.

3. Why does Achilles finally decide to take Antilochus' prize and give it to the loser of the race?

  • Antilochus suggests that Achilles is lying.
  • Nestor saw Antilochus receiving extra strength from Hephaestus.
  • Menelaus saw Antilochus commit a foul.
  • Ajax heard Antilochus bribing Trygaeus into losing.

4. What sort of activities occur in the event organised by Achilles, in order to honour Patroclus?

  • Theatre contests, drinking contests, libations to Zeus and gathering of slave women.
  • Boxing, archery, wresting and chariot racing.
  • Drinking, eating, dancing and singing.
  • Sacrificing, mass praying, ceremonial burning and silent ritual.

5. Who does Achilles want to take the prize from, in order to give it to the loser?

  • Antilochus - Second place
  • Diomedes - First place
  • Ajax - Fourth place
  • Trygaeus - Last but one place


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