Events of Book 23 - The Iliad

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1. What happens at the end of Book 23?

  • Achilles and Antilochus reconcile and everyone is happy.
  • Achilles hands out gold to all the competitors and everyone is happy.
  • Athene and Hera arrive with food and everyone leaves happy.
  • Trygaeus wins the rest of the games and everyone is jealous.
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2. How does Diomedes win the chariot race?

  • He persuades Nestor to distract the competition by calling out bad omens.
  • Athene helps him by robbing the loser of victory.
  • He makes a libation to Apollo who fires a burning arrow at the opposition.
  • He convinces Iris to cast bad omens on the competition.

3. How does Achilles light Patroclus' funeral pyre?

  • He prays for assistance from the winds to light it.
  • He orders each of the Myrmidons to hold a burning arrow to the pyre to light it.
  • He captures 100 Trojan women and orders them to light it.
  • He uses Hector's bones form the base of the pyre, which he lights.

4. Why does Achilles decide to bury Patroclus sooner than planned?

  • Patroclus visited him in a dream and asked to be buried soon for his soul to move on.
  • Patroclus' mother made a journey across Troy to attend the burial.
  • Nestor gave Achilles a message from his father, asking him to bury him sooner.
  • Paris was threatening an attack on the Achaean camp in order to take back Patroclus' body.

5. What does Achilles refuse to do until Patroclus is buried?

  • Wash
  • Eat
  • Fight
  • Speak

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