Events of Book 23 - The Iliad

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1. Why does Achilles decide to bury Patroclus sooner than planned?

  • Patroclus visited him in a dream and asked to be buried soon for his soul to move on.
  • Paris was threatening an attack on the Achaean camp in order to take back Patroclus' body.
  • Patroclus' mother made a journey across Troy to attend the burial.
  • Nestor gave Achilles a message from his father, asking him to bury him sooner.
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2. Why does Achilles finally decide to take Antilochus' prize and give it to the loser of the race?

  • Ajax heard Antilochus bribing Trygaeus into losing.
  • Antilochus suggests that Achilles is lying.
  • Menelaus saw Antilochus commit a foul.
  • Nestor saw Antilochus receiving extra strength from Hephaestus.

3. What does Achilles refuse to do until Patroclus is buried?

  • Wash
  • Eat
  • Fight
  • Speak

4. What happens at the end of Book 23?

  • Achilles hands out gold to all the competitors and everyone is happy.
  • Athene and Hera arrive with food and everyone leaves happy.
  • Achilles and Antilochus reconcile and everyone is happy.
  • Trygaeus wins the rest of the games and everyone is jealous.

5. Who does Achilles want to take the prize from, in order to give it to the loser?

  • Ajax - Fourth place
  • Trygaeus - Last but one place
  • Antilochus - Second place
  • Diomedes - First place


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