Events in Spanish Armaa

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1589
Elizabeth sends 3600 men to support Navarre; bad conditions only leave 800 men fit to fight
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1589 Retaliatory naval expedition - scale
83 ships and 15,000-20,000 soldiers
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1589 Retaliatory naval expedition - aims
unclear; to chase up Spanish ships and sieze islands in the Azures to intercept Spanish treasure ships
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1589 Retaliatory naval expedition - outcome
lack of plan and unfortunate weather led to failure on most fronts; captured 60 merchant ships but were restored to owners
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1589 Retaliatory naval expedition - cost
£100,000 and 11,000 men
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1590 squadrons sent to Azores
achieved nothing
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1591 - large fleet sent to intercept spanish treasure fleet
scattered by powerful Spanish fleet in the Battle of Flores; chance of defeating Spanish treasure fleets was remote
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1591 - men sent with Sir John Norris
wasted by desertion and disease, down to only 1700 men; sent 6000-8000 men to Navarre - failed but distracted resources from Netherlands
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1595 English Expedition
6 ships and 1000 men; Spanish were warned of attack; Drake and Hawkins died; achieved nothing
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1596 Treaty of Greenwich
committed to providing Henry N with 2000 troops; by the time needed in Amiens, only 400 left
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1596 - Spain sends another Armada to England
encountered storms and lost 24 out of 100 ships
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1596 Largest expedition of reign
aim to destroy Spain's ships and supplies; 100-120 ships, 12,000-15,000 soldiers; captured Cadiz but not merchant fleet
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1597 - English fleet attack Spanish fleet
only one ship made it due to bad weather; no gains made
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1598 Treaty of Vervins
end the French-Spanish war, Elizabeth left with choice between peace with Spain or alliance with the Dutch
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

83 ships and 15,000-20,000 soldiers

Back

1589 Retaliatory naval expedition - scale

Card 3

Front

unclear; to chase up Spanish ships and sieze islands in the Azures to intercept Spanish treasure ships

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

lack of plan and unfortunate weather led to failure on most fronts; captured 60 merchant ships but were restored to owners

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

£100,000 and 11,000 men

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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