Events of the Terror

How many men were in the Vendean rebel army in autumn 1793?
60,000
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When and where was government victory against the Vendean forces?
December 1793 at Le Mans- 15,000 rebels were killed, and at the end of the month the army was defeated for good.
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What were 'hell columns'?
Regiments of soldiers sent out across the Vendee to burn villages and crops, and murder survivors, authourised by Louis-Marie Turreau.
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How many people were murdered by the government in the Vendee?
Almost 250,000, including 90 priests.
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What was happening in February 1794?
The economic situation was still dire- nothing had improved since the law of general maximum in June 1793. Jacques Hebert encouraged insurrection of the sans-culottes.
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What did the CPS do in response to Hebert's protestations?
March 1794- Hebert and 18 allies were brought before the Revolutionary Tribunal at Robespierre's command, and sent the Hebertists to the guillotine. Paris Commune was purged and replaced with Robespierre's Jacobin supporters.
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Why did Danton and Desmoulins criticise the CPS?
The CPS had broadened its power and control, leading to radical journalists accusing Robespierre and the CPS of dictatorship.
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When did the Indulgents 'come out' against the CPS?
Late 1793/early 1794
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What did Robespierre do in response to Desmoulins' criticisms?
He had Desmoulins expelled from the Jacobin Club, and in March he had Danton, Desmoulins and other leading Indulgents arrested.
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What happened in April 1794?
Indulgents brought before the Tribunal- they were guillotined after Danton's defence was removed by Saint-Juste.
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When was the General Police Bureau created?
March 1794- answered directly to Robespierre, and so he used them to denounce and arrest his opponents.
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What was the significance of the purge of the Indulgents?
1) Robespierre proved the convictions of his beliefs by executing his friends. 2) Opposition to the Committee grew because they had executed Danton, one of the key figures of the revolution.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When and where was government victory against the Vendean forces?

Back

December 1793 at Le Mans- 15,000 rebels were killed, and at the end of the month the army was defeated for good.

Card 3

Front

What were 'hell columns'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many people were murdered by the government in the Vendee?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was happening in February 1794?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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