Events of 1789

When did the Estates-General convene and how many were there?
May 1789- 303 members of the clergy, 282 nobles and 578 members of the Third Estate.
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Why did Louis not exert influence over the meeting of the three estates?
He was mourning the death of his son and heir- the deputies felt ignored and unimportant.
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When was the National Assembly declared?
17th June 1789
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What did Louis do to bring events under his control?
He promised to host a Seance Royale to present a package of proposed reforms.
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How did the Tennis Court Oath come about?
Believing they had been locked out of the Seance Royale, the Third Estate moved to a nearby Tennis Court and declared France would have a new constitution.
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At his Seance Royale, what reforms was Louis willing to adopt?
Freedom of the press, abolition of the lettres de cachet and any new taxation.
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What happened when Louis tried to dismiss the deputies after the Seance Royale?
The Third Estate refused to leave the hall, and the next day, scores of deputies from the 1st and 2nd estates joined them. Louis legitimised the Assembly a day later.
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What was the result of the declaration of the National Assembly?
Riots in Versailles and Paris in support of the Assembly which turned violent after speeches from radicals like Desmoulins and the Duc d'Orleans.
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When was the Bastille stormed?
14th July 1789- official 'beginning' of the revolution- protesters attacked the prison with 28,000 muskets they had stolen and murdered the governor of the Bastille.
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Why was the fall of the Bastille significant?
It symbolised the end of the ancien regime and that Louis had lost control of the streets of Paris and Versailles.
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What were the results of the fall of the Bastille?
The Paris Commune was established in July 1789, to defend citizens against mob violence. National Guard was created, led by the Marquis de Lafayette.
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What happened in July and August of 1789?
The Great Fear- peasants took up arms against their masters and landlords after rumours circulated that there would be an oppression of peasants by nobles.
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What were the August Decrees?
Created in August 1789- Constituent Assembly was responding to the nationwide concern surrounding the Great Fear- feudalism, as well as venal office was abolished. Louis refused to sanction them.
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What was the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen?
Declared in August 1789- decreed all men were born free and equal and had the right to vote- there was just a lot more liberty in general. Louis objected to the Declaration.
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What were the October Days?
5,000 to 6,000 women and National Guardsmen marched to Versailles to demand the move of the royal family from Versailles back to Paris- a number of royal guards were killed.
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What caused the October Days?
Rumours that Louis' guard had trampled a revolutionary cockade reached Paris.
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What were the outcomes of the October Days?
Louis and Marie Antoinette were marched to the Tuileries Palace- meaning they were more likely to be influenced by the will of the people. It was also a symbolic victory of the people over the ancien regime.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why did Louis not exert influence over the meeting of the three estates?

Back

He was mourning the death of his son and heir- the deputies felt ignored and unimportant.

Card 3

Front

When was the National Assembly declared?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Louis do to bring events under his control?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did the Tennis Court Oath come about?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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