Evaluation of Research with Reference to alternative evidence- Bennett-Levy and Marteau

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B-L's study is supported by Hinde, describe his study
He believed that we fear animals that differ from us (discrepancy principle) e.g animals with lots of legs
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How does Hinde support B-L's study?
As both suggest that we fear animals because of what they look like and not there actual danger.
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Which study is stronger, Hinde or B-L's?
B-L's- More reliable- as Hinde's work was just theoretical whereas B-L's study was based on real pps perceptions revealed in the 2 Questionnaires
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B-L's study supported by the Research Therapists (e.g CBT's)
They treated animal phobics. Found that genuine phobics talked about how an animal looks rather than the evolutionary threat the animal posses
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How do Research Therapists support B-L?
As both sets of research see phobias as caused by the perception of the animal and not the evolutionary threat of the animal.
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Which study is stronger, the Research Therapists or B-L?
B-L- More reliable- pps in his study were "normal" but in the Research Therapists study the pps were undergoing therapy are "abnormal" and thus not reliable pps.
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B-L's study is challenged by Seligman, describe his study
Found only 2- small shocks were needed to create a spider/snake phobia (due to an innate tendency to fear spiders), but lots or larger shocks were needed to create a phobia of a flower, as they are not threatening to survival.
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How does Seligman challenge B-L?
As Seligman suggests innate preparedness causes animal phobias, rather than discrepancy from the human form as B-L suggests.
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Which study is stronger, Seligman or B-L?
Seligman- More reliable- done in controlled lab conditions
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Card 2

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How does Hinde support B-L's study?

Back

As both suggest that we fear animals because of what they look like and not there actual danger.

Card 3

Front

Which study is stronger, Hinde or B-L's?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

B-L's study supported by the Research Therapists (e.g CBT's)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How do Research Therapists support B-L?

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