Evaluation of labelling theory

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Labelling theory shows that the law is not a fixed set of rules...
...to be taken for granted.
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But something whose construction needs to...
...be explained.
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It shows that the law is often enforced in...
..discriminatory ways.
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Also, that crime statistics are more a record of...
...the activities of social control agencies rather than of criminals.
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It also shows that society's attempts to control deviance...
...backfire and create more deviance rather than less.
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However, it tends to be too...
...deterministic.
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Labelling theory implies that that once someone is labelled...
...a deviant career is inevitable.
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Its emphasis on the negative effects of labelling give the offender...
....a victim status.
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However, right realists argue that this ignores...
...the real victims of crime.
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By assumed that offenders are passive victims of labelling...
...it ignores the fact that individuals may actively choose to deviate.
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It fails to explain why people...
...commit primary deviance in the first place (before they are labelled).
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It implies that without labelling...
...deviance would not exist.
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It leads to the conclusion that someone who commits a crime but is not labelled has not actually...
...deviated.
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It implies that deviants are not aware of the fact that they have deviated until...
...they have been labelled.
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However, most offenders are well aware that they are going against...
...social norms.
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It was the first theory to recognise the role of power in creating deviance but fails to...
...recognise the source of that deviance.
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Marxists argue that it fails to examine...
...the links between capitalism and the labelling process.
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As a result it focuses on 'middle range' officials (like policemen) who apply labels, rather than on...
...the capitalist class who make the laws in the first place.
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It fails to explain the origins of labels and why they are applied to...
...certain groups (such as working class).
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

But something whose construction needs to...

Back

...be explained.

Card 3

Front

It shows that the law is often enforced in...

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Also, that crime statistics are more a record of...

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

It also shows that society's attempts to control deviance...

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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