Evaluating the working memory model

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  • Created by: racheon
  • Created on: 02-03-14 15:56
What do brain scans show?
They show that different parts of the brain are working when different tasks are being used relating to visual and language tasks.
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What are better recalled: long or short words, and what does this provide possible evidence for?
Short words, which provides possible evidence for limited capacity as more short words can be fitted.
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What did Baddeley and Hitch show when talking about the type of tasks being performed?
Performance suffers if 2 tasks requiring 1 system are tackled at the same time, but if the tasks are different they can be performed equally well.
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What does evidence from brain-damaged patients show, and what does this suggest?
Some patients are good at spacial tasks but not visual ones and vice versa, which suggests that at least 2 different systems are in operation.
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What component has had the least amount of research, and why is this a problem?
The central executive, which is a weakness because it's the most important component and we don't really know what it does.
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What does the working memory model not make clear when talking about memory function?
Why there are individual differences.
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What is there a lack of clarity in when explaining the working memory model?
How is it interacts with the long-term memory as it's "outside" the model.
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Why is the working memory model better than the multi-store model?
Because it has a better account of how we store and use information in the central executive, and how it is a flexible process, not linear.
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How has the working memory model helped education?
It has shown that children with smaller memory spans have more problems with reading.
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How does the working memory model explain our ability to do mental arithmetic?
Because we can store information briefly while processing it at the same time.
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What is a weakness about brain damaged patients?
You can't compare them to before the accident so you can't see if the damage caused the change in memory, or if it was just the trauma of the accident.
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Card 2

Front

What are better recalled: long or short words, and what does this provide possible evidence for?

Back

Short words, which provides possible evidence for limited capacity as more short words can be fitted.

Card 3

Front

What did Baddeley and Hitch show when talking about the type of tasks being performed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does evidence from brain-damaged patients show, and what does this suggest?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What component has had the least amount of research, and why is this a problem?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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