Euthanasia

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What does euthanasia mean?
Greek for 'good or well death'
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What is active euthanasia?
person performs an action to bring about death
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What is passive euthanasia?
Medical treatment is not taken
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What is voluntary euthanasia?
Person requests to die
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What is involuntary euthanasia?
The decision is made by someone else if the sufferer cannot make the decision for themselves
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What did A J Ayer say about emotions?
The only thing we can be sure of is our emotions
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Diane Pretty
Had motor neuron disease and wanted to die- couldn't do anything for herself. Believed she was already dead
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Gary Parkinson
Had a stroke and got locked-in syndrome and has limited movement and communication. MAKING STEPS FORWARD
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What are the strengths of legalising euthanasia?
feel they have more control, suffering avoided
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What are the weaknesses of legalising euthanasia?
feel as if a burden, decline in hospices, acceptance of clinical depression, other disabled people feel marginalised
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What are the strengths of keeping euthanasia illegal?
System isn't abused (Harold Shipman), makes us more tolerant/benevolent
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What are the weaknesses of keeping euthanasia illegal?
No autonomy, unnecessary suffering
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What does Natural Law say about euthanasia?
Only acceptable with double effect- need to use drugs to ease pain but it results in making life shorter
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What does Kant say about euthanasia?
If it is an emotive subject then no. If it isn't a moral issue it should be a hypothetical imperative
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What does Bentham say about euthanasia?
Supports- maximising the pleasure and minimising pain
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What does Mill say about euthanasia?
If you're mentally able you shouldn't seek euthanasia. If the pain is so great it's stopping you from achieving higher pleasures then it should be allowed
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What does Singer say about euthanasia?
Whose preference counts? Useful if the preferences are similar
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is active euthanasia?

Back

person performs an action to bring about death

Card 3

Front

What is passive euthanasia?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is voluntary euthanasia?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is involuntary euthanasia?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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