Euthanasia

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Active euthanasia
Intentional premature termination of another person's life.
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Passive euthanasia
When treatments are withdrawn/not given to a patient in order to hasten death (incl. turning off life support)
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Voluntary euthanasia
Intentional premature termination of another person's life at their request,
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Involuntary euthanasia
When someone's life is ended to prevent suffering without their consent, even if they're capable of consenting.
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PVS (persistent vegetative state)
When a patient is completely unresponsive to stimuli + has no higher brain function
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Slippery slope argument
When one moral law is broken, others will also gradually be broken leading to there being no moral absolutes
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Ordinary means
All treatments that offer reasonable hope of benefit w/o undue burdens on patient
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Extraordinary means
Treatments that don't offer reasonable hope of benefit and place excessive burdens on patient
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Doctrine of double effect
An action where the main intention is to do good, but which may have a bad side-effect - good intention makes action right.
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Who was Dianne Pretty?
Suffered from motor neurone disease, appealed to courts to help her die but was denied.
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Who was Dr Jack Kevorkian?
Physician and "death counsellor" - helped over 130 people to die. Imprisoned after killing Thomas Youk and filming his death.
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Why would Natural Law be against euthanasia?
Doesn't preserve life - goes against primary precept.
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How would a follower of situation ethics respond to euthanasia?
Need to act out of love - most loving thing to do may be euthanasia in some situations
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Why could situation ethics be difficult to apply to euthanasia?
"No man is an island" - no thought given to how euthanasia affects everyone else
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How would R.M Hare respond to euthanasia?
Considers preferences over happiness - rules out non-voluntrary euthanasia
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How would Henry Sidgwick respond to euthanasia?
Only conscious beings can appreciate values/meanings - euthanasia takes this away
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How would Peter Singer respond to euthanasia?
Asks what's in the best interests of the ill person
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Give one problem with Singer's response to euthanasia.
Doesn't consider person's value to wider community
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Why would an act utilitarian agree with euthanasia?
If more pain than suffering is brought upon the person + their family, the person's life should be ended
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Why would a rule utilitarian agree with euthanasia?
Believes in personal autonomy w/i matters concerning others
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How would Kant respond to euthanasia?
Should ignore consequences + look at morality - is killing an innocent human being a good act?
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When treatments are withdrawn/not given to a patient in order to hasten death (incl. turning off life support)

Back

Passive euthanasia

Card 3

Front

Intentional premature termination of another person's life at their request,

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

When someone's life is ended to prevent suffering without their consent, even if they're capable of consenting.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

When a patient is completely unresponsive to stimuli + has no higher brain function

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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