Eukaryotic cell organelles

Recognising eukaryotic cells and their functions.

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  • Created by: Kishore3
  • Created on: 06-09-14 00:23
Nucleus
Largest organelle in size. It's the processing centre of the cell; contains most genetic material and controls the activity within the cell.
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Nucleolus
Spherical structure centered in nucleus. Manufactures RNA components (proteins)
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Nuclear envelope
Surrounds nucleus. Double membrane with pores to regulate passage.
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Rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER)
Continuous with the nuclear envelope and has ribosomes attached to their membranes. Manufactures and synthesises proteins.
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Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER)
Continuous with the nuclear envelope with no attached ribosomes. Used for lipid synthesis and processes a variety of metabolic processes.
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Golgi apparatus/body
Individual/separate organelle with folded membranes. Modifies proteins received from RER and packs them into vesicles to be transported.
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Ribosomes
Tiny spot-like looking organelles. Used for protein synthesis.
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Mitochondria
Spherical or sausage shaped with a double membrane. This is where ATP is made.
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Lysosomes
Spherical; like sliced olives. Contains digestive enzymes and breaks down waste products.
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Chloroplasts
Only in plants and contains thylakoids. Used for photosynthesis.
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Plasma (cell surface) membranes
Surrounds cell as a layer. Made of phospholipid layer and controls entry and exit of specific substances into the cell.
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Centrioles
Star shaped tubes (usually a pair next to nucleus of animal cells). Forms spindle fibres for mitosis cell division.
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Flagella
Hair-like extensions from cell surface. They move whole cells along (eg.sperm)
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Cilia
Hair-like extensions from cell. They move substances along (eg.mucus)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Spherical structure centered in nucleus. Manufactures RNA components (proteins)

Back

Nucleolus

Card 3

Front

Surrounds nucleus. Double membrane with pores to regulate passage.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Continuous with the nuclear envelope and has ribosomes attached to their membranes. Manufactures and synthesises proteins.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Continuous with the nuclear envelope with no attached ribosomes. Used for lipid synthesis and processes a variety of metabolic processes.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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