Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells

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What are Prokaryotic cells?
Prokaryotic cells are single cells which make up simple, single celled organisms, such as bacterium.
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What are Eukaryotic cells?
Eukaryotic cells are complex cells which make up complex organisms, such as animals and plants.
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What are organelles?
Organelles are in every living cell. They are specific parts of cells, each of which has a specific function.
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Give two examples of cellular organelles.
Mitochondria and Chloroplasts.
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Name four things that animal and plant cells have in common.
1. Nucleus (Contains DNA. Controls the cell.) 2. Cytoplasm (Contains enzymes. Where reactions happen.) 3. Cell membrane (Holds cell together. Controls diffusion.) 4. Mitochondria (Use glucose and oxygen to respire. Provides energy.)
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Name three things that are different in plant cells than in animal cells.
1. Cell wall (Made of cellulose. Provides support.) 2. Vacuole (Contains a weak solution of sugar and salts.) 3. Chloroplasts (Contain Chlorophyll pigments that are used in photosynthesis.)
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How large are Prokaryotic (bacterial) cells?
Around a tenth of the size of an Eukaryotic cell.
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What don't bacterial prokaryotic cells contain?
1. Nucleus. 2. Mitochondria. 3. Chloroplasts.
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What is the role of the flagellum?
It acts as a tail, rotating and allowing the cell to move freely.
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How is DNA arranged in a Prokaryotic cell?
In a Prokaryotic cell, the DNA either floats boundary-less in the cytoplasm. However, in some Prokaryotes, the DNA is arranged in rings, called plasmids.
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Card 2

Front

What are Eukaryotic cells?

Back

Eukaryotic cells are complex cells which make up complex organisms, such as animals and plants.

Card 3

Front

What are organelles?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give two examples of cellular organelles.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Name four things that animal and plant cells have in common.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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