Ethnicity and Crime

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  • Created by: jono2107
  • Created on: 10-05-16 19:46
Layton- Henry (1992) useful for Intro's
Prior to 1970's both gender and ethnicity had been ignored in relation to crime. But in 1972 a CJS investigation discovered that black ethnic minority groups were more law abiding than the general population.
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Croal (1998)
Reminds us that interests dates back to 19th centyry when Irish were considered dangerous plus use Lombrosso
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Merton (1968)
Strain theory - based on the concept that the american dream is what everyone is striving for. When you cannot have this you feel status frustration.
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Merton's table:
CIRRR - Conformists, innovators, ritualists, retreatists, rebels
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Becker (1963)
Labelling theory: if a group is labelled as a problem then the group will internalise the label and it becomes a self fulfilling prophecy.
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Waddington (2004)
Police stop more black minorities as they are out in the evenings in city centres. It's down to location not ethnicity.
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Phillips and Bowling (2012)
Recent years have seen increased levels of anxiety over gun crime.
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Hallsworth and Young (2008)
Media is to blame for the over representation of ethnic minorities as criminals.
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Hall and Gilroy (1989)
Crime rates can be explained by structural factors: housing, poverty, unemployment. However they also said it was just a moral panic.
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Lea and Young (1984)
They also believe the CJS is racist, but that this doesn't fully explain the difference in statistics.
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Gilroy (1983)
Myth of black criminality is based on stereotypes, supported by Stuart Hall and content analysis of newspaper finding there is scapegoating of this ethnic minority group.
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Chambliss (1994)
RDU, observed policing in black areas to be aggressive and suspicious.
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Mawby and Batta (1980)
Bradford, most asian families were poor and lived in the inner city, so should commit crime. But Izzat stops them from doing so, but small groups are still rebelling.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Reminds us that interests dates back to 19th centyry when Irish were considered dangerous plus use Lombrosso

Back

Croal (1998)

Card 3

Front

Strain theory - based on the concept that the american dream is what everyone is striving for. When you cannot have this you feel status frustration.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

CIRRR - Conformists, innovators, ritualists, retreatists, rebels

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Labelling theory: if a group is labelled as a problem then the group will internalise the label and it becomes a self fulfilling prophecy.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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