Ethnicity & Crime

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1. How does ethnicity affectprisons?

  • There are over 7X the amount of African-Carribean prisoners than there should be porportionate to pop, 0.77 higher for Asians, ethnic minorities over-represented in prisons
  • There are over 7X the amount of African-Carribean prisoners than there should be porportionate to pop, 0.77 higher for whites, ethnic minorities over-represented in prisons
  • There are over 2X the amount of African-Carribean prisoners than there should be porportionate to pop, 0.77 higher for Asians, ethnic minorities over-represented in prisons
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2. What do self-report studies tell us about ethnicity and crime?

  • Use anonymous questionaire asking what offences you commited, Graham & Bowling - studied 14-15 yr olds, self-reporting offending rates basically the same for white, black and Asians
  • Use anonymous questionaire asking what offences you commited, Graham & Bowling - studied 14-15 yr olds, self-reporting offending rates drastically different for white, black and Asians
  • Use anonymous interviews asking what offences you commited, Graham & Bowling - studied 14-15 yr olds, self-reporting offending rates basically the same for white, black and Asians

3. What are the trree ways of gathering stastics on ethnicity and crime?

  • Official stastics, Crimilisation studies & self-report studies
  • Official stastics, Victimisation studies & self-report studies
  • Official stastics, Victimisation studies & media recollections
  • Official stastics, Victimisation studies & Covert obervations

4. What do victimisation studies tell us about ethnicity and crime?

  • Ask ethnicity of offender, majority of crime is intra-racial (same race), only 20% of crime is personal -where you see offender
  • Ask ethnicity of victim, majority of crime is intra-racial (same race), only 20% of crime is personal -where you see offender
  • Ask ethnicity of offender, majority of crime is intra-racial (same race), only 70% of crime is personal -where you see offender

5. Who did a study on how victims are influenced by racial stereotypes?

  • Smart & Cain - May be influenced by racial stereotypes and culturally determined expectations as to who commits crime, Bowling - When offender not known, white people ascribe crime to those of African-Carribean origin
  • Bowling & Philips - May be influenced by racial stereotypes and culturally determined expectations as to who commits crime, Bowling - When offender not known, white people ascribe crime to those of African-Carribean origin
  • Bowling & Philips - May be influenced by racial stereotypes and culturally determined expectations as to who commits crime, Bowling - When offender not known, white people ascribe crime to those of Asian origin

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