Ethnicity & Crime

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1. Who did a study on how victims are influenced by racial stereotypes?

  • Bowling & Philips - May be influenced by racial stereotypes and culturally determined expectations as to who commits crime, Bowling - When offender not known, white people ascribe crime to those of African-Carribean origin
  • Bowling & Philips - May be influenced by racial stereotypes and culturally determined expectations as to who commits crime, Bowling - When offender not known, white people ascribe crime to those of Asian origin
  • Smart & Cain - May be influenced by racial stereotypes and culturally determined expectations as to who commits crime, Bowling - When offender not known, white people ascribe crime to those of African-Carribean origin
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2. What are the trree ways of gathering stastics on ethnicity and crime?

  • Official stastics, Victimisation studies & self-report studies
  • Official stastics, Victimisation studies & media recollections
  • Official stastics, Crimilisation studies & self-report studies
  • Official stastics, Victimisation studies & Covert obervations

3. What do official stastics tell us about ethnicity and crime?

  • Number of court convictions - if racist then stats reflect this
  • Number of police arrests - if racist then stats reflect this
  • Number of police arrests - if sexist then stats reflect this

4. What do victimisation studies tell us about ethnicity and crime?

  • Ask ethnicity of offender, majority of crime is intra-racial (same race), only 70% of crime is personal -where you see offender
  • Ask ethnicity of offender, majority of crime is intra-racial (same race), only 20% of crime is personal -where you see offender
  • Ask ethnicity of victim, majority of crime is intra-racial (same race), only 20% of crime is personal -where you see offender

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